Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions Johnstown PA

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Martin M Dudas, DMD
(814) 535-8321
538 Vine St
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Brian E Gunnlaugson
(814) 535-6521
321 Main St
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

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Richard P Torp, MD FACS
130 Berkley Rd
Johnstown, PA
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple
Graduation Year: 1958

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Peter James Ridella, MD
(814) 535-5554
1111 Franklin St Ste 140
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa; Windber Hospital & Wheeling Cl, Windber, Pa
Group Practice: Valley Orthopedics Inc

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Vincent E Vena
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
William Chua Go Jr, MD
(814) 467-6653
609 Somerset St
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Santo Tomas, Fac Of Med And Surg, Manila, Philippines
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Brian Earl Gunnlaugson, MD
(814) 539-7417
321 Main St Ste 3C
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mem Univ Of Newfoundland, Fac Of Med, St Johns, Nfld, Canada
Graduation Year: 1984
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa
Group Practice: Upmc Lee Regional Care Ctrs

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Trevor Wayne Yardley, MD
(814) 269-3251
411 Theatre Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Toronto, Fac Of Med, Toronto, Ont, Canada
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Ian Katz, MD
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Scott Q Little, DDS
(814) 262-0123
344 Budfield St Ste 1
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

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Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions

Persistent ankle pain after an ankle sprain could be a sign of a condition called osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT). The talus is a bone in the ankle between the calcaneus (heel bone) below and the tibia (shin bone) above.

The bottom of the tibia forms a dome over the top of the talus. With OLT, a piece of cartilage from the talus gets pinched by this dome. In more severe cases, a fragment of cartilage breaks off the talus but stays wedged in place. In the worst cases, the fragment is floating free in the joint space.

Other terms used to describe OLT include osteochondritis dissecans, transchondral fracture, talar dome fracture, and flake fracture. The condition is fairly uncommon. It is difficult to diagnose using X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans.

The authors of this study used arthroscopy to diagnose and treat OLT. They graded the condition based on severity as Grade I (mild) through Grade IV (severe). Treatment results were compared to see if outcomes were better for milder forms of the condition. Results showed that arthroscopic grading of OLT does predict final outcome after surgery. This is something that cannot be accomplished with X-rays or other more advanced forms of imaging.

Milder lesions without fragmentation had better results. Patients were more likely to have a good-to-excellent outcome without complications if the cartilage was not torn away. They were not able to compare results based on specific surgery done because there were too many different kinds of operations performed.

For example, some patients had holes drilled in the talus where the fragment had broken off. This procedure is called microfracture. It stimulates new growth of fibrocartilage. Other patients had the loose piece of cartilage removed (excision) with smoothing of the bone where the piece was broken off. And some patients had both excision and drilling.

Almost three-fourths of the group had good-to-excellent results. Most were able to return to all preoperative levels of activity. A few patients had complications such as plantar fasciitis, nerve pain or injury, or pain around the puncture wounds where the arthroscope entered through the skin. These problems all disappeared during the first six months of recovery.

Results of treatment did not appear to be linked with age, gender, or the side affected (right or left ankle). Delays between injury and surgery did not seem to make any difference in the final results. Worker's compensation patients did have poorer results compared with those who were not on worker's comp.

Follow-up was for at least five years. So it was possible to see if the long-term results changed over time. They found that more than one-third of the patients had a deterioration of their good results over time. Deep aching and pain with swelling recurred. Limited motion and instability occurred with degeneration of the joint. The reason(s) for this change was unknown.

The authors were unable to provi...

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