Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions Mitchell SD

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Felix Flores Ungacta, MD
625 N Foster St
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1994
Hospital
Hospital: Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd

Data Provided By:
Robert Ernest Mc Whirter, MD
(605) 996-7077
1222 E 7th Ave
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Emergency Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Wi, Milwaukee Wi 53226
Graduation Year: 1972
Hospital
Hospital: Platte Comm Memorial Hospital, Platte, Sd; Queen Of Peace Hospital, Mitchell, Sd
Group Practice: Mitchell Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Douglas D Neilson
(605) 668-8780
1000 W 4th St
Yankton, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Dr.Robert Vandemark Jr.
1210 W 18th St # G01
Sioux Falls, SD
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Hospital: Sanford Medical Center
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
5.0, out of 5 based on 4, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Chester Wilson P Mayo, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mn Med Sch-Minneapolis, Minneapolis Mn 55455
Graduation Year: 1986
Hospital
Hospital: Huron Reg Med Ctr, Huron, Sd; St Lukes Midland Reg Med Ctr, Aberdeen, Sd
Group Practice: Orthopedic Surgery Specialists

Data Provided By:
Marcia Nelsen, MD
(605) 996-5903
2200 N Kimball St Ste 1050
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: Sacred Heart Health Services, Yankton, Sd; Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Praireland Orthopaedics

Data Provided By:
Mark Verdun
(605) 668-8780
1000 W 4th St
Yankton, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Lew W Papendick
(605) 341-1414
7220 S Highway 16
Rapid City, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert A Callahan
(605) 665-7841
1104 W 8th St
Yankton, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Stephen Y Stout
(604) 224-7070
100 Mac Ln
Pierre, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions

Persistent ankle pain after an ankle sprain could be a sign of a condition called osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT). The talus is a bone in the ankle between the calcaneus (heel bone) below and the tibia (shin bone) above.

The bottom of the tibia forms a dome over the top of the talus. With OLT, a piece of cartilage from the talus gets pinched by this dome. In more severe cases, a fragment of cartilage breaks off the talus but stays wedged in place. In the worst cases, the fragment is floating free in the joint space.

Other terms used to describe OLT include osteochondritis dissecans, transchondral fracture, talar dome fracture, and flake fracture. The condition is fairly uncommon. It is difficult to diagnose using X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans.

The authors of this study used arthroscopy to diagnose and treat OLT. They graded the condition based on severity as Grade I (mild) through Grade IV (severe). Treatment results were compared to see if outcomes were better for milder forms of the condition. Results showed that arthroscopic grading of OLT does predict final outcome after surgery. This is something that cannot be accomplished with X-rays or other more advanced forms of imaging.

Milder lesions without fragmentation had better results. Patients were more likely to have a good-to-excellent outcome without complications if the cartilage was not torn away. They were not able to compare results based on specific surgery done because there were too many different kinds of operations performed.

For example, some patients had holes drilled in the talus where the fragment had broken off. This procedure is called microfracture. It stimulates new growth of fibrocartilage. Other patients had the loose piece of cartilage removed (excision) with smoothing of the bone where the piece was broken off. And some patients had both excision and drilling.

Almost three-fourths of the group had good-to-excellent results. Most were able to return to all preoperative levels of activity. A few patients had complications such as plantar fasciitis, nerve pain or injury, or pain around the puncture wounds where the arthroscope entered through the skin. These problems all disappeared during the first six months of recovery.

Results of treatment did not appear to be linked with age, gender, or the side affected (right or left ankle). Delays between injury and surgery did not seem to make any difference in the final results. Worker's compensation patients did have poorer results compared with those who were not on worker's comp.

Follow-up was for at least five years. So it was possible to see if the long-term results changed over time. They found that more than one-third of the patients had a deterioration of their good results over time. Deep aching and pain with swelling recurred. Limited motion and instability occurred with degeneration of the joint. The reason(s) for this change was unknown.

The authors were unable to provi...

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