Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions Mount Pleasant SC

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John Angus Mc Fadden, MD
(843) 792-4274
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Eastern Va Med Sch Of The Med Coll Of Hampton Roads, Norfolk Va 23501
Graduation Year: 1983

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Dr.Waddell Gilmore III
(843) 763-2857
180 Wingo Way # 301
Mount Pleasant, SC
Gender
M
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med
Year of Graduation: 1979
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Hospital: Roper Hospital, Charleston, Sc
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
5.0, out of 5 based on 1, reviews.

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Robert Paul Knetsche, MD
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Waddell H Gilmore III, MD
(843) 763-2857
913 Bowman Rd
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1979
Hospital
Hospital: Roper Hospital, Charleston, Sc; Bon Secours-St Francis Hosp, Charleston, Sc; East Cooper Reg Med Ctr, Mt Pleasant, Sc
Group Practice: East Cooper Orthopaedic Surg

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Waddell H Gilmore
(843) 884-0302
180 Wingo Way Ste 301
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Keith Wingate, MD
887johnnie Dodds Boulevard Street South
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
James Casper Mills III, MD
(843) 958-2500
1300 Hospital Dr Ste 150
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Tulane Univ Sch Of Med, New Orleans La 70112
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
James Robert De Marco, MD
(843) 884-0302
913 Bowman Rd Ste B2
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1993

Data Provided By:
Douglas S Dick, DMD
(843) 856-9323
1065 Johnnie Dodds Blvd Ste E
Mt Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Frederick Edgar Reed Jr, MD
(843) 216-2005
890 Johnnie Dodds Blvd # 3
Mount Pleasant, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1969

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Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions

Persistent ankle pain after an ankle sprain could be a sign of a condition called osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT). The talus is a bone in the ankle between the calcaneus (heel bone) below and the tibia (shin bone) above.

The bottom of the tibia forms a dome over the top of the talus. With OLT, a piece of cartilage from the talus gets pinched by this dome. In more severe cases, a fragment of cartilage breaks off the talus but stays wedged in place. In the worst cases, the fragment is floating free in the joint space.

Other terms used to describe OLT include osteochondritis dissecans, transchondral fracture, talar dome fracture, and flake fracture. The condition is fairly uncommon. It is difficult to diagnose using X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans.

The authors of this study used arthroscopy to diagnose and treat OLT. They graded the condition based on severity as Grade I (mild) through Grade IV (severe). Treatment results were compared to see if outcomes were better for milder forms of the condition. Results showed that arthroscopic grading of OLT does predict final outcome after surgery. This is something that cannot be accomplished with X-rays or other more advanced forms of imaging.

Milder lesions without fragmentation had better results. Patients were more likely to have a good-to-excellent outcome without complications if the cartilage was not torn away. They were not able to compare results based on specific surgery done because there were too many different kinds of operations performed.

For example, some patients had holes drilled in the talus where the fragment had broken off. This procedure is called microfracture. It stimulates new growth of fibrocartilage. Other patients had the loose piece of cartilage removed (excision) with smoothing of the bone where the piece was broken off. And some patients had both excision and drilling.

Almost three-fourths of the group had good-to-excellent results. Most were able to return to all preoperative levels of activity. A few patients had complications such as plantar fasciitis, nerve pain or injury, or pain around the puncture wounds where the arthroscope entered through the skin. These problems all disappeared during the first six months of recovery.

Results of treatment did not appear to be linked with age, gender, or the side affected (right or left ankle). Delays between injury and surgery did not seem to make any difference in the final results. Worker's compensation patients did have poorer results compared with those who were not on worker's comp.

Follow-up was for at least five years. So it was possible to see if the long-term results changed over time. They found that more than one-third of the patients had a deterioration of their good results over time. Deep aching and pain with swelling recurred. Limited motion and instability occurred with degeneration of the joint. The reason(s) for this change was unknown.

The authors were unable to provi...

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