Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions Oskaloosa IA

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Sreedhar Somisetty
(641) 672-3360
410 N 12th St
Oskaloosa, IA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Sreedhar Somisetty, MD
410 N 12th St
Oskaloosa, IA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Osmania Med Coll, Univ Hlth Sci, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Ap, India
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
Dr. Russell VanHemert
Van Hemert Health Partners P.C.
(641) 628-2099
1310 Washington Street
Pella, IA
Specialty
Chiropractor
Conditions
Back pain,Chronic pain,Leg pain,Lower back pain,Neck pain,Upper back pain
Treatments
Chiropractic adjustment,Chiropractic care,Spinal manipulation

Robert N Spencer, DDS
(319) 277-7121
PO Box 505
Cedar Falls, IA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Christopher E Henderson
(319) 356-1616
200 Hawkins Dr
Iowa City, IA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Michael Jos Parks, MD
(517) 437-5399
610 N 12th St Ste B
Oskaloosa, IA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Il Coll Of Med, Chicago Il 60680
Graduation Year: 1976

Data Provided By:
Daniel Wayne Vande Lune, MD
(641) 621-1390
404 Jefferson St Ste L122B
Pella, IA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1991
Hospital
Hospital: Mahaska County Hosp, Oskaloosa, Ia
Group Practice: Iowa Orthopedics Ctr

Data Provided By:
Dr. Kenneth Van Wyk
Van Wyk Chiropractic Center
(641) 628-3511
911 Washington St
Pella, IA
Specialty
Chiropractor
Conditions
Back pain,Chronic pain,Geriatric care,Leg pain,Lower back pain,Migraine headaches,Neck pain,Neuropathy conditions,Sports injuries,Upper back pain,Whiplash
Treatments
Acupuncture,Chiropractic adjustment,Chiropractic care,DiathermyMyofascialDecompression,Natural healing,Spinal manipulation,Ultrasound
Proffesional Affiliation
Iowa Chiropractic Society (ICS),American Chiropractic Association (ACA)

William Jacobson, MD
Des Moines, IA
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

Data Provided By:
Timothy Allen Gibbons, MD
(641) 422-6630
250 S Crescent Dr
Mason City, IA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med, Iowa City Ia 52242
Graduation Year: 1989

Data Provided By:
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Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions

Persistent ankle pain after an ankle sprain could be a sign of a condition called osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT). The talus is a bone in the ankle between the calcaneus (heel bone) below and the tibia (shin bone) above.

The bottom of the tibia forms a dome over the top of the talus. With OLT, a piece of cartilage from the talus gets pinched by this dome. In more severe cases, a fragment of cartilage breaks off the talus but stays wedged in place. In the worst cases, the fragment is floating free in the joint space.

Other terms used to describe OLT include osteochondritis dissecans, transchondral fracture, talar dome fracture, and flake fracture. The condition is fairly uncommon. It is difficult to diagnose using X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans.

The authors of this study used arthroscopy to diagnose and treat OLT. They graded the condition based on severity as Grade I (mild) through Grade IV (severe). Treatment results were compared to see if outcomes were better for milder forms of the condition. Results showed that arthroscopic grading of OLT does predict final outcome after surgery. This is something that cannot be accomplished with X-rays or other more advanced forms of imaging.

Milder lesions without fragmentation had better results. Patients were more likely to have a good-to-excellent outcome without complications if the cartilage was not torn away. They were not able to compare results based on specific surgery done because there were too many different kinds of operations performed.

For example, some patients had holes drilled in the talus where the fragment had broken off. This procedure is called microfracture. It stimulates new growth of fibrocartilage. Other patients had the loose piece of cartilage removed (excision) with smoothing of the bone where the piece was broken off. And some patients had both excision and drilling.

Almost three-fourths of the group had good-to-excellent results. Most were able to return to all preoperative levels of activity. A few patients had complications such as plantar fasciitis, nerve pain or injury, or pain around the puncture wounds where the arthroscope entered through the skin. These problems all disappeared during the first six months of recovery.

Results of treatment did not appear to be linked with age, gender, or the side affected (right or left ankle). Delays between injury and surgery did not seem to make any difference in the final results. Worker's compensation patients did have poorer results compared with those who were not on worker's comp.

Follow-up was for at least five years. So it was possible to see if the long-term results changed over time. They found that more than one-third of the patients had a deterioration of their good results over time. Deep aching and pain with swelling recurred. Limited motion and instability occurred with degeneration of the joint. The reason(s) for this change was unknown.

The authors were unable to provi...

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