Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions San Marcos TX

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Stephen Mark Norwood, MD
(512) 353-8661
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tx Southwestern Med Ctr At Dallas, Med Sch, Dallas Tx 75235
Graduation Year: 1982

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Gerard M Pennington, MD
(512) 353-8661
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ms Sch Of Med, Jackson Ms 39216
Graduation Year: 1983

Data Provided By:
Stanley Arch Ault, DDS
(512) 396-5151
217-C M Allen Pkwy
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

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Kermit Nevaro Welch, DDS
(512) 396-8000
321 S L B J Dr
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Richard Jordan Post
(830) 625-3481
705 Landa St
New Braunfels, TX
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
James Keith Baker
(512) 353-8658
1305 Wonder World Drive
San Marcos, TX
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

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Craig Thomas Hatton, MD
(512) 301-5350
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Uniformed Services Univ Of The Hlth Sci, Bethesda Md 20814
Graduation Year: 1982

Data Provided By:
William Chas Nemeth, MD
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Az Coll Of Med, Tucson Az 85724
Graduation Year: 1973

Data Provided By:
Martin W Stratemann, DDS
(830) 625-4617
550 Comal Ave
New Braunfels, TX
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
David W Starch, MD
705 Landa St Ste C
New Braunfels, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Tx Tech Univ Hlth Sci Ctr Sch Of Med, Lubbock Tx 79430
Graduation Year: 1995

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Arthroscopic Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteochondral Talar Lesions

Persistent ankle pain after an ankle sprain could be a sign of a condition called osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT). The talus is a bone in the ankle between the calcaneus (heel bone) below and the tibia (shin bone) above.

The bottom of the tibia forms a dome over the top of the talus. With OLT, a piece of cartilage from the talus gets pinched by this dome. In more severe cases, a fragment of cartilage breaks off the talus but stays wedged in place. In the worst cases, the fragment is floating free in the joint space.

Other terms used to describe OLT include osteochondritis dissecans, transchondral fracture, talar dome fracture, and flake fracture. The condition is fairly uncommon. It is difficult to diagnose using X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans.

The authors of this study used arthroscopy to diagnose and treat OLT. They graded the condition based on severity as Grade I (mild) through Grade IV (severe). Treatment results were compared to see if outcomes were better for milder forms of the condition. Results showed that arthroscopic grading of OLT does predict final outcome after surgery. This is something that cannot be accomplished with X-rays or other more advanced forms of imaging.

Milder lesions without fragmentation had better results. Patients were more likely to have a good-to-excellent outcome without complications if the cartilage was not torn away. They were not able to compare results based on specific surgery done because there were too many different kinds of operations performed.

For example, some patients had holes drilled in the talus where the fragment had broken off. This procedure is called microfracture. It stimulates new growth of fibrocartilage. Other patients had the loose piece of cartilage removed (excision) with smoothing of the bone where the piece was broken off. And some patients had both excision and drilling.

Almost three-fourths of the group had good-to-excellent results. Most were able to return to all preoperative levels of activity. A few patients had complications such as plantar fasciitis, nerve pain or injury, or pain around the puncture wounds where the arthroscope entered through the skin. These problems all disappeared during the first six months of recovery.

Results of treatment did not appear to be linked with age, gender, or the side affected (right or left ankle). Delays between injury and surgery did not seem to make any difference in the final results. Worker's compensation patients did have poorer results compared with those who were not on worker's comp.

Follow-up was for at least five years. So it was possible to see if the long-term results changed over time. They found that more than one-third of the patients had a deterioration of their good results over time. Deep aching and pain with swelling recurred. Limited motion and instability occurred with degeneration of the joint. The reason(s) for this change was unknown.

The authors were unable to provi...

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