Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow Elkridge MD

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W Christopher Urban, MD
(410) 544-4855
1600 S Crain Hwy
Glen Burnie, MD
Business
Bay Area Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Constantine A Misoul, MD
(410) 682-5500
901 Eastern Blvd
Essex, MD
Business
Multi Specialty Healthcare
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Morris Brian Polsky, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave Ste 100
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sc Sch Of Med, Columbia Sc 29208
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
Philip Sheldon Markin, DDS
(410) 997-0770
9650 Santiago Rd Ste 111
Columbia, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Morris Brian Polsky
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Cyrus Pezeshki MD
(410) 282-2211
6730 Holabird Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Rajendra Prasad Tripathi, MD
(301) 441-9340
PO Box 8543
Elkridge, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: All India Inst Of Med Sci, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1976

Data Provided By:
Michael Anthony Ellis, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave Ste 100
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Md Sch Of Med, Baltimore Md 21201
Graduation Year: 1966

Data Provided By:
Sam Vijaykumar Sydney, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ibadan, Coll Of Med, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
Oren Gil Blam, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave Ste 100
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Washington Univ Sch Of Med, St Louis Mo 63110
Graduation Year: 1997

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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow joint replacement (also called elbow arthroplasty) can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is also becoming more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. The artificial elbow is considered successful by more than 90 percent of patients who have elbow joint replacement.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the elbow joint works
  • what happens during surgery to replace the elbow joint
  • what you can expect after elbow joint replacement

Anatomy

How does the elbow joint work?

The elbow joint is made up of three bones : the humerus bone of the upper arm, and the ulna and radius bones of the forearm.

The ulna and the humerus meet at the elbow and form a hinge. This hinge allows the arm to straighten and bend. The large triceps muscle in the back of the arm attaches to the point of the ulna (the olecranon). When this muscle contracts, it straightens out the elbow. The biceps muscles in the front of the arm contracts to bend the elbow.

Inside the elbow joint, the bones are covered with articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is a slick, smooth material. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the elbow moves. Articular cartilage is soft enough to act as a shock absorber. It is also tough enough to last a lifetime, if it is not injured.

The connection of the radius to the humerus allows rotation of the forearm. The upper end of the radius is round. This round end turns against the ulna and the humerus as the forearm and hand turn from palm down (pronation) to palm up supination).

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Elbow Anatomy

Rationale

What makes elbow joint replacement surgery necessary?

A joint replacement surgery is usually considered a last resort for a badly damaged and painful elbow joint. The artificial joint replaces the damaged surfaces with metal and plastic that are designed to fit together and rub smoothly against each other. This takes away the pain of bone rubbing against bone.

The most common reason for an artificial elbow replacement is arthritis. There are two main types of arthritis, degenerative and systemic. Degenerative arthritis is also called wear-and-tear arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Any injury to the elbow can damage the joint and lead to degenerative arthritis. Arthritis may not show up for many years after the injury.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis

There are many types of systemic arthritis. The most common form is rheumatoid arthritis. All types of systemic arthritis are diseases that affect many, or even all, of the joints in the body. Systemic arthritis causes destruction of the joints' articular cartilage lining.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Arthritis

An elbow joint replacement may also be used imm...

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