Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow Havre De Grace MD

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John Anthony Prodoehl, MD
(410) 939-7077
421 S Union Ave Ste 300
Havre de Grace, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Pa, Philadelphia Pa 19129
Graduation Year: 1990
Hospital
Hospital: Delaware County Mem Hosp, Drexel Hill, Pa
Group Practice: Chesapeake Sports & Orthopedic

Data Provided By:
John Joseph Jordan, DDS
(410) 939-4030
333 Green St
Hvre De Grace, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
John Nakjoong Im, MD
(410) 939-2020
Churchville, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Lisa Maria Maddox, MD
2501 Oakington St
Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
Douglas Gregory Wright, MD
(410) 569-3690
2012 S Tollgate Rd Ste 109
Bel Air, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: New York Med Coll, Valhalla Ny 10595
Graduation Year: 1983

Data Provided By:
Vincent Michael Osteria, MD
(301) 939-4500
800 S Union Ave
Havre de Grace, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mc Gill Univ, Fac Of Med, Montreal, Que, Canada
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Richard E Marshall, DMD
(410) 939-2171
202 S Washington St
Havre De Grace, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Douglas Wright
(410) 569-3690
2012 S .Tollgate Rd.
Bel Air, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Joseph La Ponzina, DDS
2105 Laurel Bush Rd Ste 103
Bel Air, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
William Pierson Cook IV, MD
(410) 879-0066
1131 Baltimore Pike
Bel Air, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Md Sch Of Med, Baltimore Md 21201
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow joint replacement (also called elbow arthroplasty) can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is also becoming more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. The artificial elbow is considered successful by more than 90 percent of patients who have elbow joint replacement.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the elbow joint works
  • what happens during surgery to replace the elbow joint
  • what you can expect after elbow joint replacement

Anatomy

How does the elbow joint work?

The elbow joint is made up of three bones : the humerus bone of the upper arm, and the ulna and radius bones of the forearm.

The ulna and the humerus meet at the elbow and form a hinge. This hinge allows the arm to straighten and bend. The large triceps muscle in the back of the arm attaches to the point of the ulna (the olecranon). When this muscle contracts, it straightens out the elbow. The biceps muscles in the front of the arm contracts to bend the elbow.

Inside the elbow joint, the bones are covered with articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is a slick, smooth material. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the elbow moves. Articular cartilage is soft enough to act as a shock absorber. It is also tough enough to last a lifetime, if it is not injured.

The connection of the radius to the humerus allows rotation of the forearm. The upper end of the radius is round. This round end turns against the ulna and the humerus as the forearm and hand turn from palm down (pronation) to palm up supination).

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Elbow Anatomy

Rationale

What makes elbow joint replacement surgery necessary?

A joint replacement surgery is usually considered a last resort for a badly damaged and painful elbow joint. The artificial joint replaces the damaged surfaces with metal and plastic that are designed to fit together and rub smoothly against each other. This takes away the pain of bone rubbing against bone.

The most common reason for an artificial elbow replacement is arthritis. There are two main types of arthritis, degenerative and systemic. Degenerative arthritis is also called wear-and-tear arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Any injury to the elbow can damage the joint and lead to degenerative arthritis. Arthritis may not show up for many years after the injury.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis

There are many types of systemic arthritis. The most common form is rheumatoid arthritis. All types of systemic arthritis are diseases that affect many, or even all, of the joints in the body. Systemic arthritis causes destruction of the joints' articular cartilage lining.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Arthritis

An elbow joint replacement may also be used imm...

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