Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow Los Lunas NM

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William B Pratt, MD
(505) 869-4212
Bosque Farms, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
John Charles France, MD
(304) 535-6343
3436 Isleta Blvd SW
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Anthony F Pachelli, MD
(505) 724-4300
201 Cedar St SE
Albuquerque, NM
Business
New Mexico Orthopaedic Associates
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Herbert V Rachelson, MD
(505) 758-8693
5776 Ndcbu
Taos, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Kath Univ Leuven, Fac Der Geneeskunde, Leuven, Belgium
Graduation Year: 1971

Data Provided By:
Omar Nizar Osmani, MD
(505) 622-7600
115 E 19th St
Roswell, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: American Univ Of Beirut, Fac Of Med, Beirut, Lebanon
Graduation Year: 1993

Data Provided By:
Frank Hamilton Peacock, DDS
(505) 452-8633
2127 Los Padillas Rd Sw
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Paul Lesko, MD
Albuquerque, NM
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

Data Provided By:
Paul Gentry Echols, MD
(505) 272-4107
2211 Lomas Boulevard North East,
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tx Med Branch Galveston, Galveston Tx 77550
Graduation Year: 1973

Data Provided By:
Barry R Maron, MD
(505) 821-7936
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Kennan John Vance
(505) 758-0009
1219 Gusdorf Rd Ste A
Taos, NM
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow joint replacement (also called elbow arthroplasty) can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is also becoming more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. The artificial elbow is considered successful by more than 90 percent of patients who have elbow joint replacement.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the elbow joint works
  • what happens during surgery to replace the elbow joint
  • what you can expect after elbow joint replacement

Anatomy

How does the elbow joint work?

The elbow joint is made up of three bones : the humerus bone of the upper arm, and the ulna and radius bones of the forearm.

The ulna and the humerus meet at the elbow and form a hinge. This hinge allows the arm to straighten and bend. The large triceps muscle in the back of the arm attaches to the point of the ulna (the olecranon). When this muscle contracts, it straightens out the elbow. The biceps muscles in the front of the arm contracts to bend the elbow.

Inside the elbow joint, the bones are covered with articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is a slick, smooth material. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the elbow moves. Articular cartilage is soft enough to act as a shock absorber. It is also tough enough to last a lifetime, if it is not injured.

The connection of the radius to the humerus allows rotation of the forearm. The upper end of the radius is round. This round end turns against the ulna and the humerus as the forearm and hand turn from palm down (pronation) to palm up supination).

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Elbow Anatomy

Rationale

What makes elbow joint replacement surgery necessary?

A joint replacement surgery is usually considered a last resort for a badly damaged and painful elbow joint. The artificial joint replaces the damaged surfaces with metal and plastic that are designed to fit together and rub smoothly against each other. This takes away the pain of bone rubbing against bone.

The most common reason for an artificial elbow replacement is arthritis. There are two main types of arthritis, degenerative and systemic. Degenerative arthritis is also called wear-and-tear arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Any injury to the elbow can damage the joint and lead to degenerative arthritis. Arthritis may not show up for many years after the injury.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis

There are many types of systemic arthritis. The most common form is rheumatoid arthritis. All types of systemic arthritis are diseases that affect many, or even all, of the joints in the body. Systemic arthritis causes destruction of the joints' articular cartilage lining.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Arthritis

An elbow joint replacement may also be used imm...

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