Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow Pierre SD

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Gerald Rexford Herrin, MD
(605) 224-2010
640 E Sioux Ave
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Or Hlth Sci Univ Sch Of Med, Portland Or 97201
Graduation Year: 1963

Data Provided By:
Thomas E Roth, DDS
(605) 224-6205
711 E Wells Ave Ste 210
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Gonzalo Henry Sanchez, MD
(605) 222-0075
772 E Dakota Ave
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ks Sch Of Med, Kansas City Ks 66103
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
Dr.Jeffrey Marrs
(605) 341-1414
7220 S Highway 16
Rapid City, SD
Gender
M
Education
Medical School: Mayo Med Sch
Year of Graduation: 1997
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Hospital: Rapid City Regional Hospital, Rapid City, Sd
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
3.0, out of 5 based on 1, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Ray Lyon Foster
(605) 255-4101
13815 Battle Creek Road
Hermosa, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Gonzalo H Sanchez
(605) 224-7070
100 Mac Lane
Pierre, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Stephen Y Stout
(604) 224-7070
100 Mac Ln
Pierre, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Stephen Young Stout, MD
(605) 224-5901
711 E Wells Ave Ste 200
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
Dr.Evan Hermanson
(605) 331-5890
810 E 23rd St # 5000
Sioux Falls, SD
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Hospital: Orthopedic Institute-331-5890
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
4.4, out of 5 based on 5, reviews.

Data Provided By:
David Lincoln Hoversten, MD
(605) 332-1052
1320 S Minnesota Ave
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Co Sch Of Med, Denver Co 80262
Graduation Year: 1973
Hospital
Hospital: Mc Kennan Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd; Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Dakota Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow joint replacement (also called elbow arthroplasty) can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is also becoming more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. The artificial elbow is considered successful by more than 90 percent of patients who have elbow joint replacement.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the elbow joint works
  • what happens during surgery to replace the elbow joint
  • what you can expect after elbow joint replacement

Anatomy

How does the elbow joint work?

The elbow joint is made up of three bones : the humerus bone of the upper arm, and the ulna and radius bones of the forearm.

The ulna and the humerus meet at the elbow and form a hinge. This hinge allows the arm to straighten and bend. The large triceps muscle in the back of the arm attaches to the point of the ulna (the olecranon). When this muscle contracts, it straightens out the elbow. The biceps muscles in the front of the arm contracts to bend the elbow.

Inside the elbow joint, the bones are covered with articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is a slick, smooth material. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the elbow moves. Articular cartilage is soft enough to act as a shock absorber. It is also tough enough to last a lifetime, if it is not injured.

The connection of the radius to the humerus allows rotation of the forearm. The upper end of the radius is round. This round end turns against the ulna and the humerus as the forearm and hand turn from palm down (pronation) to palm up supination).

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Elbow Anatomy

Rationale

What makes elbow joint replacement surgery necessary?

A joint replacement surgery is usually considered a last resort for a badly damaged and painful elbow joint. The artificial joint replaces the damaged surfaces with metal and plastic that are designed to fit together and rub smoothly against each other. This takes away the pain of bone rubbing against bone.

The most common reason for an artificial elbow replacement is arthritis. There are two main types of arthritis, degenerative and systemic. Degenerative arthritis is also called wear-and-tear arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Any injury to the elbow can damage the joint and lead to degenerative arthritis. Arthritis may not show up for many years after the injury.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis

There are many types of systemic arthritis. The most common form is rheumatoid arthritis. All types of systemic arthritis are diseases that affect many, or even all, of the joints in the body. Systemic arthritis causes destruction of the joints' articular cartilage lining.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Arthritis

An elbow joint replacement may also be used imm...

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