Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow Temple Hills MD

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David C Johnson, MD
(202) 291-9266
106 Irving St NW
Washington, DC
Business
National Orthopedics PC
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
James E Callan MD
(301) 891-6130
7610 Carroll Ave
Takoma Park, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Kenneth Hrechka, DDS
(301) 839-2500
6130 Oxon Hill Rd Ste 304
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jorge A Mondino, MD
(301) 567-2330
6357 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Nac De Cordoba, Fac De Cien Med, Cordoba, Argentina
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Eric Geoffrey Dawson
(301) 567-2850
6196 Oxon Hill Rd Ste 310
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Edward G Alexander Jr., MD
(703) 461-7100
4801 Kenmore Ave
Alexandria, VA
Business
Northern Virginia Orthopaedic Group
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Melissa Ann Yadao, MD
(703) 549-1652
6144 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Va Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Of Va Sch Of Med, Richmond Va 23298
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
Charles H Emich, MD
(301) 839-1600
6144 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Jorge A Mondino
(301) 567-2330
6192 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Peter S Trent, MD
(301) 839-1600
6144 Oxon Hill Rd
Oxon Hill, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny At Stony Brook Hlth Sci Ctr, Stony Brook Ny 11794
Graduation Year: 1982

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow joint replacement (also called elbow arthroplasty) can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is also becoming more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. The artificial elbow is considered successful by more than 90 percent of patients who have elbow joint replacement.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the elbow joint works
  • what happens during surgery to replace the elbow joint
  • what you can expect after elbow joint replacement

Anatomy

How does the elbow joint work?

The elbow joint is made up of three bones : the humerus bone of the upper arm, and the ulna and radius bones of the forearm.

The ulna and the humerus meet at the elbow and form a hinge. This hinge allows the arm to straighten and bend. The large triceps muscle in the back of the arm attaches to the point of the ulna (the olecranon). When this muscle contracts, it straightens out the elbow. The biceps muscles in the front of the arm contracts to bend the elbow.

Inside the elbow joint, the bones are covered with articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is a slick, smooth material. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the elbow moves. Articular cartilage is soft enough to act as a shock absorber. It is also tough enough to last a lifetime, if it is not injured.

The connection of the radius to the humerus allows rotation of the forearm. The upper end of the radius is round. This round end turns against the ulna and the humerus as the forearm and hand turn from palm down (pronation) to palm up supination).

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Elbow Anatomy

Rationale

What makes elbow joint replacement surgery necessary?

A joint replacement surgery is usually considered a last resort for a badly damaged and painful elbow joint. The artificial joint replaces the damaged surfaces with metal and plastic that are designed to fit together and rub smoothly against each other. This takes away the pain of bone rubbing against bone.

The most common reason for an artificial elbow replacement is arthritis. There are two main types of arthritis, degenerative and systemic. Degenerative arthritis is also called wear-and-tear arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Any injury to the elbow can damage the joint and lead to degenerative arthritis. Arthritis may not show up for many years after the injury.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis

There are many types of systemic arthritis. The most common form is rheumatoid arthritis. All types of systemic arthritis are diseases that affect many, or even all, of the joints in the body. Systemic arthritis causes destruction of the joints' articular cartilage lining.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Arthritis

An elbow joint replacement may also be used imm...

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