Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger Elkridge MD

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W Christopher Urban, MD
(410) 544-4855
1600 S Crain Hwy
Glen Burnie, MD
Business
Bay Area Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Constantine A Misoul, MD
(410) 682-5500
901 Eastern Blvd
Essex, MD
Business
Multi Specialty Healthcare
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Emad Zeitouneh, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave Ste 100
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mansura, Fac Of Med, Mansura, Egypt
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
Sam Vijaykumar Sydney, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ibadan, Coll Of Med, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
Philip Sheldon Markin, DDS
(410) 997-0770
9650 Santiago Rd Ste 111
Columbia, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Cyrus Pezeshki MD
(410) 282-2211
6730 Holabird Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Rajendra Prasad Tripathi, MD
(301) 441-9340
PO Box 8543
Elkridge, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: All India Inst Of Med Sci, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1976

Data Provided By:
Eugene Willis Jr, MD
(410) 418-5944
5500 Knoll North Dr
Columbia, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Md Sch Of Med, Baltimore Md 21201
Graduation Year: 1968
Hospital
Hospital: Howard County General Hospital, Columbia, Md
Group Practice: Patuxent Medical Group

Data Provided By:
Joseph Anthony Ciotola
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Oren Gil Blam, MD
(410) 644-1880
3421 Benson Ave Ste 100
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Washington Univ Sch Of Med, St Louis Mo 63110
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

Introduction

If nonsurgical treatments are not successful in easing problems of finger arthritis, your doctor may recommend replacing the surfaces of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is called joint arthroplasty.

This guide will help you understand

  • what parts make up the finger joint
  • how the operation is performed
  • what to expect before and after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the finger are involved?

The finger joints work like hinges when the fingers bend and straighten. The main knuckle joint is the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP joint). It is formed by the connection of the metacarpal bone in the palm of the hand to the finger bone, or phalanx. Each finger has three phalanges, separated by two interphalangeal joints (IP joints). The one closest to the MCP joint (knuckle) is called the proximal IP joint (PIP joint). The joint near the end of the finger is called the distal IP joint (DIP joint).

Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones together. Several ligaments hold each finger joint together. These ligaments join to form the joint capsule of the finger joint. The joint capsule is a watertight sac around the joint. The joint surfaces are covered with a material called articular cartilage. This material is the slick, spongy material that allows one side of a joint to slide against the other joint surface easily. When this material wears out, the joint develops a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis and becomes painful.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Hand Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

Arthritic joint surfaces can be a source of stiffness, pain, and swelling. The artificial joint is used to replace the damaged joint surfaces so patients can do their activities with freedom of movement and less pain.

Preparation

What should I do to prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You need to understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This exam helps ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation.

On the day of your surgery, you will probably be admitted to the hospital early in the morning. You shouldn't eat or drink anything after midnight the night before. The length of time you spend in the hospital depends a lot on your recovery from anesthesia after surgery. In general, finger joint surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, meaning you can leave the hospital the same day.

Surgical Procedure

What happens during the operation?

Before we describe the procedure, let's look first at the artificial finger joint itself.

The Artificial Fin...

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