Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger Ellicott City MD

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W Christopher Urban, MD
(410) 544-4855
1600 S Crain Hwy
Glen Burnie, MD
Business
Bay Area Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Rosanne Michelle Bloom, DDS
(301) 631-5860
130 Thomas Johnson Dr Ste 2
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Olumuyiwa Akinade Paul, MD
(410) 750-7978
8262 Glenmar Rd
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Howard Univ Coll Of Med, Washington Dc 20059
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Frederick A Schoenbrodt, DDS
(410) 465-5253
9005 Chevrolet Dr Ste A
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Nicholas Patrick Grosso, MD
(410) 644-1880
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Uniformed Services Univ Of The Hlth Sci, Bethesda Md 20814
Graduation Year: 1988

Data Provided By:
Cyrus Pezeshki MD
(410) 282-2211
6730 Holabird Ave
Baltimore, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Yuhwan Hong, MD
(410) 554-2857
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: New York Med Coll, Valhalla Ny 10595
Graduation Year: 1996

Data Provided By:
Heather M Abrahams, DDS
(410) 975-0911
2021 Emmorton Rd Ste 218
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Victoria M Switzer, DDS
(410) 465-5660
9141 Baltimore National Pike
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
William Edward Beatie, MD
(301) 572-1000
9711 Finch Ct
Ellicott City, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Washington Univ Sch Of Med, St Louis Mo 63110
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

Introduction

If nonsurgical treatments are not successful in easing problems of finger arthritis, your doctor may recommend replacing the surfaces of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is called joint arthroplasty.

This guide will help you understand

  • what parts make up the finger joint
  • how the operation is performed
  • what to expect before and after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the finger are involved?

The finger joints work like hinges when the fingers bend and straighten. The main knuckle joint is the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP joint). It is formed by the connection of the metacarpal bone in the palm of the hand to the finger bone, or phalanx. Each finger has three phalanges, separated by two interphalangeal joints (IP joints). The one closest to the MCP joint (knuckle) is called the proximal IP joint (PIP joint). The joint near the end of the finger is called the distal IP joint (DIP joint).

Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones together. Several ligaments hold each finger joint together. These ligaments join to form the joint capsule of the finger joint. The joint capsule is a watertight sac around the joint. The joint surfaces are covered with a material called articular cartilage. This material is the slick, spongy material that allows one side of a joint to slide against the other joint surface easily. When this material wears out, the joint develops a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis and becomes painful.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Hand Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

Arthritic joint surfaces can be a source of stiffness, pain, and swelling. The artificial joint is used to replace the damaged joint surfaces so patients can do their activities with freedom of movement and less pain.

Preparation

What should I do to prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You need to understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This exam helps ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation.

On the day of your surgery, you will probably be admitted to the hospital early in the morning. You shouldn't eat or drink anything after midnight the night before. The length of time you spend in the hospital depends a lot on your recovery from anesthesia after surgery. In general, finger joint surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, meaning you can leave the hospital the same day.

Surgical Procedure

What happens during the operation?

Before we describe the procedure, let's look first at the artificial finger joint itself.

The Artificial Fin...

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