Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger Johnstown PA

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Brian Earl Gunnlaugson, MD
(814) 539-7417
321 Main St Ste 3C
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mem Univ Of Newfoundland, Fac Of Med, St Johns, Nfld, Canada
Graduation Year: 1984
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa
Group Practice: Upmc Lee Regional Care Ctrs

Data Provided By:
Martin M Dudas, DMD
(814) 535-8321
538 Vine St
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Vincent E Vena
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Edward Brown Hill, MD
(814) 535-1600
1111 Franklin St Ste 110
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1960
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa
Group Practice: Highland Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
George Hamilton Wheeling, MD FACS
(814) 535-6521
295 Beaver Ct
Johnstown, PA
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Pittsburgh
Graduation Year: 1961

Data Provided By:
Brian E Gunnlaugson
(814) 535-6521
321 Main St
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
William Chua Go Jr, MD
(814) 467-6653
609 Somerset St
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Santo Tomas, Fac Of Med And Surg, Manila, Philippines
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Peter James Ridella, MD
(814) 535-5554
1111 Franklin St Ste 140
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: Upmc Lee Hosp, Johnstown, Pa; Conemaugh Mem Med Ctr, Johnstown, Pa; Windber Hospital & Wheeling Cl, Windber, Pa
Group Practice: Valley Orthopedics Inc

Data Provided By:
Richard David Schroeder, MD
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Northwestern Univ Med Sch, Chicago Il 60611
Graduation Year: 1981

Data Provided By:
Richard David Schroeder
(814) 255-6781
2 Celeste Dr
Johnstown, PA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

Introduction

If nonsurgical treatments are not successful in easing problems of finger arthritis, your doctor may recommend replacing the surfaces of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is called joint arthroplasty.

This guide will help you understand

  • what parts make up the finger joint
  • how the operation is performed
  • what to expect before and after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the finger are involved?

The finger joints work like hinges when the fingers bend and straighten. The main knuckle joint is the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP joint). It is formed by the connection of the metacarpal bone in the palm of the hand to the finger bone, or phalanx. Each finger has three phalanges, separated by two interphalangeal joints (IP joints). The one closest to the MCP joint (knuckle) is called the proximal IP joint (PIP joint). The joint near the end of the finger is called the distal IP joint (DIP joint).

Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones together. Several ligaments hold each finger joint together. These ligaments join to form the joint capsule of the finger joint. The joint capsule is a watertight sac around the joint. The joint surfaces are covered with a material called articular cartilage. This material is the slick, spongy material that allows one side of a joint to slide against the other joint surface easily. When this material wears out, the joint develops a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis and becomes painful.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Hand Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

Arthritic joint surfaces can be a source of stiffness, pain, and swelling. The artificial joint is used to replace the damaged joint surfaces so patients can do their activities with freedom of movement and less pain.

Preparation

What should I do to prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You need to understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This exam helps ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation.

On the day of your surgery, you will probably be admitted to the hospital early in the morning. You shouldn't eat or drink anything after midnight the night before. The length of time you spend in the hospital depends a lot on your recovery from anesthesia after surgery. In general, finger joint surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, meaning you can leave the hospital the same day.

Surgical Procedure

What happens during the operation?

Before we describe the procedure, let's look first at the artificial finger joint itself.

The Artificial Fin...

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