Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger Newport KY

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Earl William Walker, MD
(513) 651-0094
Southgate, KY
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tn, Memphis, Coll Of Med, Memphis Tn 38163
Graduation Year: 2000

Data Provided By:
Jeri L Stull, DDS
(859) 781-2662
18 N Fort Thomas Ave
Fort Thomas, KY
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Timothy Kremchek, MD
Cincinnati, OH
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

Data Provided By:
Paul Favorito, MD
Cincinnati, OH
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

Data Provided By:
Edgar Louis Berre, DDS
(513) 232-6050
7655 5 Mile Rd Ste 220
Cincinnati, OH
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Charles J Rekow, DMD
(859) 781-2662
18 N Fort Thomas Ave
Fort Thomas, KY
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Terry V Gruelle, DMD
(859) 441-2369
40 N Grand Ave Ste 301
Fort Thomas, KY
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Robert Heidt, MD
Cincinnati, OH
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

Data Provided By:
Robert Clark Rhoad, MD
(513) 232-6677
7663 5 Mile Rd
Cincinnati, OH
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pa Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19104
Graduation Year: 1993

Data Provided By:
Marc Galloway, MD
Cincinnati, OH
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

Introduction

If nonsurgical treatments are not successful in easing problems of finger arthritis, your doctor may recommend replacing the surfaces of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is called joint arthroplasty.

This guide will help you understand

  • what parts make up the finger joint
  • how the operation is performed
  • what to expect before and after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the finger are involved?

The finger joints work like hinges when the fingers bend and straighten. The main knuckle joint is the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP joint). It is formed by the connection of the metacarpal bone in the palm of the hand to the finger bone, or phalanx. Each finger has three phalanges, separated by two interphalangeal joints (IP joints). The one closest to the MCP joint (knuckle) is called the proximal IP joint (PIP joint). The joint near the end of the finger is called the distal IP joint (DIP joint).

Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones together. Several ligaments hold each finger joint together. These ligaments join to form the joint capsule of the finger joint. The joint capsule is a watertight sac around the joint. The joint surfaces are covered with a material called articular cartilage. This material is the slick, spongy material that allows one side of a joint to slide against the other joint surface easily. When this material wears out, the joint develops a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis and becomes painful.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Hand Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

Arthritic joint surfaces can be a source of stiffness, pain, and swelling. The artificial joint is used to replace the damaged joint surfaces so patients can do their activities with freedom of movement and less pain.

Preparation

What should I do to prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You need to understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This exam helps ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation.

On the day of your surgery, you will probably be admitted to the hospital early in the morning. You shouldn't eat or drink anything after midnight the night before. The length of time you spend in the hospital depends a lot on your recovery from anesthesia after surgery. In general, finger joint surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, meaning you can leave the hospital the same day.

Surgical Procedure

What happens during the operation?

Before we describe the procedure, let's look first at the artificial finger joint itself.

The Artificial Fin...

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