Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger Petersburg VA

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John Kniska, DDS
(804) 732-0155
3277 S Crater Rd
Petersburg, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Vivek Sharma
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialty
Family Practice, Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine

Data Provided By:
Gurpal S Bhuller, MD
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Christian Med Coll, Punjab Univ, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
Graduation Year: 1974
Hospital
Hospital: John Randolph Hospital, Hopewell, Va; Southside Reg Med Ctr, Petersburg, Va
Group Practice: Hopewell Orthopedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Praveer Srivastava, MD
(804) 526-5888
2801 Boulevard Ste F
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Maulana Azad Med Coll, Univ Of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Sharadkumar Saraiya, MD
(804) 541-9279
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll, Baroda Univ, Baroda, Gujarat, India
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: John Randolph Hospital, Hopewell, Va
Group Practice: Hopewell Orthopedic Ctr Inc

Data Provided By:
Karanvir Prakash
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialty
Foot & Ankle Surgery

Data Provided By:
Manjit S Dhillon, MD
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Maulana Azad Med Coll, Univ Of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Karanvir Prakash, MD
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics, Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation
Gender
Male
Languages
Hindi
Education
Medical School: All India Inst Of Med Sci, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: John Randolph Hospital, Hopewell, Va; Southside Reg Med Ctr, Petersburg, Va
Group Practice: Hopewell Orthopedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
A Wright Pond, DDS
(804) 526-1241
PO Box 697
Colonial Hgts, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Rene Argoldg Thornton, DDS
Prince George, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Finger

Introduction

If nonsurgical treatments are not successful in easing problems of finger arthritis, your doctor may recommend replacing the surfaces of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is called joint arthroplasty.

This guide will help you understand

  • what parts make up the finger joint
  • how the operation is performed
  • what to expect before and after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the finger are involved?

The finger joints work like hinges when the fingers bend and straighten. The main knuckle joint is the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP joint). It is formed by the connection of the metacarpal bone in the palm of the hand to the finger bone, or phalanx. Each finger has three phalanges, separated by two interphalangeal joints (IP joints). The one closest to the MCP joint (knuckle) is called the proximal IP joint (PIP joint). The joint near the end of the finger is called the distal IP joint (DIP joint).

Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones together. Several ligaments hold each finger joint together. These ligaments join to form the joint capsule of the finger joint. The joint capsule is a watertight sac around the joint. The joint surfaces are covered with a material called articular cartilage. This material is the slick, spongy material that allows one side of a joint to slide against the other joint surface easily. When this material wears out, the joint develops a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis and becomes painful.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Hand Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

Arthritic joint surfaces can be a source of stiffness, pain, and swelling. The artificial joint is used to replace the damaged joint surfaces so patients can do their activities with freedom of movement and less pain.

Preparation

What should I do to prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You need to understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This exam helps ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation.

On the day of your surgery, you will probably be admitted to the hospital early in the morning. You shouldn't eat or drink anything after midnight the night before. The length of time you spend in the hospital depends a lot on your recovery from anesthesia after surgery. In general, finger joint surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, meaning you can leave the hospital the same day.

Surgical Procedure

What happens during the operation?

Before we describe the procedure, let's look first at the artificial finger joint itself.

The Artificial Fin...

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