Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee Bangor ME

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David Carmack
(207) 973-7000
489 State St
Bangor, ME
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Richard Joseph Mazzei, MD
(207) 947-2788
77 Broadway
Bangor, ME
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Wayne State Univ Sch Of Med, Detroit Mi 48201
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
James R Curtis, MD
(207) 942-3293
24 Somerset St
Bangor, ME
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny-Hlth Sci Ctr At Brooklyn, Coll Of Med, Brooklyn Ny 11203
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Garrett Rines Martin, MD
(207) 947-8381
404 State St Ste 610
Bangor, ME
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Auto De Guadalajara, Fac De Med, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Graduation Year: 1978
Hospital
Hospital: Eastern Maine Med Ctr, Bangor, Me; St Joseph Hospital, Bangor, Me
Group Practice: Down East Orthopedic Assoc

Data Provided By:
James Fuller Lawsing
(207) 945-6695
417 State St
Bangor, ME
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Gordon Stewart Campbell, MD
(207) 945-6695
417 State St Ste 209/210
Bangor, ME
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of British Columbia, Fac Of Med, Vancouver, Bc, Canada
Graduation Year: 1983

Data Provided By:
John Dorman West III, MD
(207) 945-6695
417 State St Ste 209
Bangor, ME
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Dartmouth Med, Hanover Nh 03755
Graduation Year: 1987

Data Provided By:
John I Pyne
(207) 947-8381
404 State St
Bangor, ME
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Daniel Thompson Mc Guire, MD
(207) 947-8381
404 State St Ste 610
Bangor, ME
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
Daniel T McGuire
(207) 947-8381
404 State St
Bangor, ME
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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