Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee Bristol CT

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Michael Thomas Legeyt
(860) 583-6500
255 N Main St
Bristol, CT
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
Vipul Dua, MD
(860) 583-1107
25 Newell Rd Ste E31
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Maulana Azad Med Coll, Univ Of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1984

Data Provided By:
Carl David Bomar, MD
(860) 584-1113
232 Maxine Rd
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ky Coll Of Med, Lexington Ky 40536
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Michael Edward Cucka, MD
(860) 582-6603
641 Clark Ave
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Rush Med Coll Of Rush Univ, Chicago Il 60612
Graduation Year: 1988

Data Provided By:
Michael Thomas Legeyt, MD
(860) 583-6500
255 N Main St
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ct Sch Of Med, Farmington Ct 06032
Graduation Year: 1992

Data Provided By:
Scott William Organ, MD
(860) 582-6603
641 Clark Ave
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: New York Univ Sch Of Med, New York Ny 10016
Graduation Year: 1989

Data Provided By:
Armann O Ciccarelli
(860) 583-1845
291 Queen St
Bristol, CT
Specialty
General Surgery, Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
Timothy P Mc Laughlin, MD
(860) 589-3766
25 Newell Rd Ste C14
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Md Sch Of Med, Baltimore Md 21201
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
Chang Song Choi
(860) 589-6919
46 Goodwin Street
Bristol, CT
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Chang Song Choi, MD
(860) 589-6919
PO Box 1239
Bristol, CT
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Of Med, Chongno-Ku, Seoul, So Korea
Graduation Year: 1958

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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