Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee Brookings SD

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John David Ramsay, MD
(605) 692-6236
400 22nd Ave
Brookings, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Aerospace Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1974
Hospital
Hospital: Brookings Hosp, Brookings, Sd
Group Practice: Brookings Medical Clinic

Data Provided By:
David L Meyer, DDS
(605) 692-7511
105 22nd Ave
Brookings, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Dr.Mitchell Johnson
(605) 331-5890
Ste 5000, 810 East 23rd Street
Sioux Falls, SD
Gender
M
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Hlth Sci, Coll Of Osteo Med
Year of Graduation: 1997
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
4.0, out of 5 based on 14, reviews.

Data Provided By:
James Byron Kullbom
(605) 720-7000
113 Comanche Rd
Fort Meade, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Patricia Hawkins Leonard, DDS
(605) 338-5253
4804 S Cliff Ave
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
John D Ramsay
(605) 697-9500
400 22nd Ave.
Brookings, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Stephen G Eckrich, MD
(605) 341-1414
7220 S Highway 16
Rapid City, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Baylor Coll Of Med, Houston Tx 77030
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Dr.Keith Baumgarten
(605) 331-5890
810 E 23rd St # 5000
Sioux Falls, SD
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
5.0, out of 5 based on 2, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Gail Max Benson, MD
(605) 331-5890
810 E 23rd St
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, General Practice
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Northwestern Univ Med Sch, Chicago Il 60611
Graduation Year: 1967
Hospital
Hospital: Mc Kennan Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Orthopedic Institute

Data Provided By:
Matthew James Mc Kenzie, MD
(605) 331-5890
810 E 23rd St
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1991
Hospital
Hospital: Mc Kennan Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd; Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: University Physicians Clinics

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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