Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee Claymont DE

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David T Sowa, MD
(302) 731-2888
4745 Ogletown Stanton Rd
Newark, DE
Business
First State Orthopaedics PA
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Craig Gordon Smucker
(302) 529-5500
2501 Silverside Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Alfred De Prophetis, DDS
(610) 459-4523
1440 Conchester Hwy
Boothwyn, PA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
M Constance Greeley, DDS
(302) 475-4102
1405 Silverside Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
David Charles Stephens, MD
(302) 478-8601
2700 Silverside Rd Ste 1A
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny At Buffalo Sch Of Med & Biomedical Sci, Buffalo Ny 14214
Graduation Year: 1967

Data Provided By:
Robert E Booth Jr., MD
(215) 829-2222
800 Spruce St
Philadelphia, PA
Business
3 B Orthopaedics
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Christopher D Casscells
(302) 477-0900
3505 Silverside Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery, Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports Medicine

Data Provided By:
Robert Michael McClellan
(302) 478-5800
2004 Foulk Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
Fred Seymour Fink, DDS
(302) 478-6930
The Commons Bldg 23 3518 Silverside Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Craig D Morgan, MD
(302) 529-5500
2501 Silverside Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Emory Univ Sch Of Med, Atlanta Ga 30322
Graduation Year: 1977

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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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