Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee Dover NH

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Peter A Winkler
(603) 742-9635
660 Central Ave
Dover, NH
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
Guy Michael Esposito, MD
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108
Somersworth, NH
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Rochester Sch Of Med & Dentistry, Rochester Ny 14642
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Mitchell Evan Kalter, MD
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108
Somersworth, NH
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Albany Med Coll, Albany Ny 12208
Graduation Year: 1983
Hospital
Hospital: Wentworth-Douglass Hospital, Dover, Nh; Frisbie Mem Hosp, Rochester, Nh
Group Practice: Orthopaedic & Trauma Spec

Data Provided By:
Robert H Harrington
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108
Somersworth, NH
Specialty
Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Mark J Geppert
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108
Somersworth, NH
Specialty
Foot & Ankle Surgery

Data Provided By:
Ingvars Janis Vittands, MD
(603) 749-5111
780 Central Ave
Dover, NH
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Rochester Sch Of Med & Dentistry, Rochester Ny 14642
Graduation Year: 1964

Data Provided By:
Peter J Dirksmeier
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108
Somersworth, NH
Specialty
Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine

Data Provided By:
Dr.Moby Parsons
237 New Hampshire 108 #205
Somersworth, NH
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
4.7, out of 5 based on 7, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Mark Joseph Geppert, MD
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108
Somersworth, NH
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: New York Univ Sch Of Med, New York Ny 10016
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Charles Maurice Blitzer, MD
(603) 742-2007
237 Route 108 Ste 205
Somersworth, NH
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Boston Univ Sch Of Med, Boston Ma 02118
Graduation Year: 1979
Hospital
Hospital: Wentworth-Douglass Hospital, Dover, Nh; Frisbie Mem Hosp, Rochester, Nh
Group Practice: Seacoast Orthopedics & Sports Medicine

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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