Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee New Castle DE

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David T Sowa, MD
(302) 731-2888
4745 Ogletown Stanton Rd
Newark, DE
Business
First State Orthopaedics PA
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Devendra Madhusudan Jani, MD
(856) 678-2249
245 N River Dr
Pennsville, NJ
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Bj Med Coll, Gujarat Univ, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Graduation Year: 1971

Data Provided By:
James Richard Bowen, MD
(302) 651-5723
PO Box 269
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1971

Data Provided By:
Andrew Jay Gelman, DO
(302) 655-5919
7th and Clayton St Ste 600
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Philadelphia Coll Of Osteo Med, Philadelphia Pa 19131
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
Peter B Gabos, MD
(302) 651-5740
PO Box 269
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: New York Univ Sch Of Med, New York Ny 10016
Graduation Year: 1991

Data Provided By:
G Dean MacEwen, MD
(215) 427-3412
New Castle, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Queens Univ, Fac Of Med, Kingston, Ont, Canada
Graduation Year: 1953

Data Provided By:
Casscells & Solacoff Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
orthopaedic clinic

Data Provided By:
Dan Edison Mason, MD
(302) 651-5922
PO Box 269
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Ga Sch Of Med, Augusta Ga 30912
Graduation Year: 1971

Data Provided By:
Mohammad Kamali, MD
(302) 655-9494
701 N Clayton St Ste 600
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Teheran Univ, Fac Of Med, Teheran, Iran
Graduation Year: 1962

Data Provided By:
Errol Ger, MD
(302) 655-9494
7th & Clayton Sts Medical Service Bldg Ste 600
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Cape Town, Fac Of Med, Cape Town, So Africa
Graduation Year: 1966

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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