Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee Petersburg VA

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John Kniska, DDS
(804) 732-0155
3277 S Crater Rd
Petersburg, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Manjit S Dhillon, MD
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Maulana Azad Med Coll, Univ Of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Praveer Srivastava, MD
(804) 526-5888
2801 Boulevard Ste F
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Maulana Azad Med Coll, Univ Of Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Vivek Sharma
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialty
Family Practice, Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine

Data Provided By:
Gurpal S Bhuller, MD
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Christian Med Coll, Punjab Univ, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
Graduation Year: 1974
Hospital
Hospital: John Randolph Hospital, Hopewell, Va; Southside Reg Med Ctr, Petersburg, Va
Group Practice: Hopewell Orthopedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Karanvir Prakash, MD
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics, Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation
Gender
Male
Languages
Hindi
Education
Medical School: All India Inst Of Med Sci, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: John Randolph Hospital, Hopewell, Va; Southside Reg Med Ctr, Petersburg, Va
Group Practice: Hopewell Orthopedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Sharadkumar Saraiya, MD
(804) 541-9279
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll, Baroda Univ, Baroda, Gujarat, India
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: John Randolph Hospital, Hopewell, Va
Group Practice: Hopewell Orthopedic Ctr Inc

Data Provided By:
Karanvir Prakash
(804) 526-5888
131 Jennick Dr
Colonial Heights, VA
Specialty
Foot & Ankle Surgery

Data Provided By:
A Wright Pond, DDS
(804) 526-1241
PO Box 697
Colonial Hgts, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Julian Cabell Metts, DDS
(804) 748-7878
4703 Buckingham Ct
Chester, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Knee

Introduction

A painful knee can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in artificial knee replacement have improved the outcome of the surgery greatly. Artificial knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) is becoming increasingly common as the population of the world begins to age.

This guide will help you understand

  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve with knee replacement surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect after your operation

Anatomy

What is the normal anatomy of the knee?

The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. The articular cartilage is kept slippery by joint fluid made by the joint lining (synovial membrane). The fluid is contained in a soft tissue enclosure around the knee joint called the joint capsule.

The patella, or kneecap, is the moveable bone on the front of the knee. It is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone. The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful and arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which moves smoothly and without causing pain. The goal is to help people return to many of their activities with less pain and with greater freedom of movement.

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery should be made jointly by you and your surgeon. The decision should only be made after you feel that you understand as much about the procedure as possible.

Once you decide to proceed with surgery, several things may need to be done. Your orthopedic surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This is to ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation. You may also need to spend time with the physical therapist who will be managing your rehabilitation after the surgery. The therapist will begin the teaching process before surgery to ensure that you are ready for rehabilitation afterwards.

One purpose of the preoperative visit is to record a baseline of information. This includes measurements of your current pain levels, functional abilities, the presence of swelling, and the available movement and strength of each knee.

A second purpose of the preopera...

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