Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder Bethany OK

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Harvey C Jenkins Jr., MD
(405) 686-1700
8603 S Western Ave
Oklahoma City, OK
Business
Aria Orthopedics
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jack William Balenseifen, DDS
(405) 789-6772
7505 Nw 23Rd St
Bethany, OK
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Amy Lynn Counts, DDS
(405) 271-6087
1001 Stanton L Young Bl # 494
Oklahoma City, OK
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jason C Emerson, DO
(405) 209-8932
3404 NW 20th St
Oklahoma City, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Ok State Univ, Coll Of Osteo Med, Tulsa, Ok 74107
Graduation Year: 2001

Data Provided By:
Richard Anthony Ruffin, MD
(405) 947-0911
3301 NW 50th St
Oklahoma City, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1985
Hospital
Hospital: Integris Baptist Med Ctr, Oklahoma City, Ok
Group Practice: Orthopedic Associates

Data Provided By:
Christopher Lee Peters, MD
(405) 440-9689
2916 N McMillan Ave
Bethany, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Southern Ca Sch Of Med, Los Angeles Ca 90033
Graduation Year: 1988

Data Provided By:
Jerald Milton Gilbert, MD
7530 NW 23rd St
Bethany, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1975

Data Provided By:
Kenneth William Jackson, MD
(703) 383-5400
7301 N Comanche Ave
Warr Acres, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Umdnj-New Jersey Med Sch, Newark Nj 07103
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
Jason C Emerson, DO
Oklahoma City, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Ok State Univ, Coll Of Osteo Med, Tulsa, Ok 74107
Graduation Year: 2001

Data Provided By:
John Willis Anderson, MD
(405) 947-0911
3301 NW 50th St
Oklahoma City, OK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ok Coll Of Med, Oklahoma City Ok 73190
Graduation Year: 1989

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

Introduction

Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the shoulder works
  • what parts of the shoulder are replaced in surgery
  • what to expect after shoulder replacement surgery

Anatomy

What parts make up the shoulder?

The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collarbone).

The rotator cuff connects the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff is formed by the tendons of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Tendons attach muscles to bones. Muscles move bones by pulling on the tendons. The rotator cuff helps raise and rotate the arm. As the arm is raised, the rotator cuff also keeps the humerus tightly in the socket. A part of the scapula, called the glenoid, makes up the socket of the shoulder. The glenoid is very shallow and flat.

The part of the scapula that connects to the shoulder is called the acromion. A bursa is located between the acromion and the rotator cuff tendons. A bursa is a lubricated sac of tissue that cuts down on the friction between two moving parts. Bursae are located all over the body where tissues must rub against each other. In this case, the bursa protects the acromion and the rotator cuff from grinding against each other.

The humeral head of the shoulder is the ball portion of the joint. The humeral head has several blood vessels, which enter at the base of the articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white material that covers the ends of bones in most joints. Articular cartilage provides a slick, rubbery surface that allows the bones to glide over each other as they move. Cartilage also functions as sort of a shock absorber.

The shoulder joint is surrounded by a watertight sac called the joint capsule. The joint capsule holds fluids that lubricate the joint. The walls of the joint capsule are made up of ligaments. Ligaments are connective tissues that attach bones to bones. The joint capsule has a considerable amount of slack, loose tissue, so that the shoulder is unrestricted as it moves through its large range of motion.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to shoulder joint replacement?

The most common reason for undergoing shoulder replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by the degeneration of the joint over time, through wear and tear. Osteoarthritis can occur without any injury to the shoulder, but that is uncommon. Because the shoulder is not a weight-bear...

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