Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder Espanola NM

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Arnold Barry Wise, MD
(505) 747-4144
1010 Spruce St
Espanola, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Wa Sch Of Med, Seattle Wa 98195
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
Marion L Messersmith, DDS
(505) 662-4934
3250 Trinity Dr Ste A
Los Alamos, NM
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Clifford G Vernick, MD
8 Altazano Dr
Santa Fe, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Richard Ball, MD
(505) 823-1145
6100 Pan American East Fwy NE Ste 455
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Albany Med Coll, Albany Ny 12208
Graduation Year: 1972

Data Provided By:
Randolph Leigh Copeland
(505) 722-1000
516 E. Nizhoni Blvd.
Gallup, NM
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Matthew W McKinley
(505) 753-7111
1010 Spruce St
Espanola, NM
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Anthony F Pachelli, MD
(505) 724-4300
201 Cedar St SE
Albuquerque, NM
Business
New Mexico Orthopaedic Associates
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Catherine Mary Burns, MD
(505) 722-1000
516 Nizhoni Blvd
Gallup, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Mayo Med Sch, Rochester Mn 55905
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
Richard R Weber
(505) 816-0209
101 Hospital Loop Ne
Albuquerque, NM
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
William Brode Moore, MD
(410) 749-4154
Santa Fe, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1967

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

Introduction

Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the shoulder works
  • what parts of the shoulder are replaced in surgery
  • what to expect after shoulder replacement surgery

Anatomy

What parts make up the shoulder?

The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collarbone).

The rotator cuff connects the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff is formed by the tendons of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Tendons attach muscles to bones. Muscles move bones by pulling on the tendons. The rotator cuff helps raise and rotate the arm. As the arm is raised, the rotator cuff also keeps the humerus tightly in the socket. A part of the scapula, called the glenoid, makes up the socket of the shoulder. The glenoid is very shallow and flat.

The part of the scapula that connects to the shoulder is called the acromion. A bursa is located between the acromion and the rotator cuff tendons. A bursa is a lubricated sac of tissue that cuts down on the friction between two moving parts. Bursae are located all over the body where tissues must rub against each other. In this case, the bursa protects the acromion and the rotator cuff from grinding against each other.

The humeral head of the shoulder is the ball portion of the joint. The humeral head has several blood vessels, which enter at the base of the articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white material that covers the ends of bones in most joints. Articular cartilage provides a slick, rubbery surface that allows the bones to glide over each other as they move. Cartilage also functions as sort of a shock absorber.

The shoulder joint is surrounded by a watertight sac called the joint capsule. The joint capsule holds fluids that lubricate the joint. The walls of the joint capsule are made up of ligaments. Ligaments are connective tissues that attach bones to bones. The joint capsule has a considerable amount of slack, loose tissue, so that the shoulder is unrestricted as it moves through its large range of motion.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to shoulder joint replacement?

The most common reason for undergoing shoulder replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by the degeneration of the joint over time, through wear and tear. Osteoarthritis can occur without any injury to the shoulder, but that is uncommon. Because the shoulder is not a weight-bear...

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