Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder Hockessin DE

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David T Sowa, MD
(302) 731-2888
4745 Ogletown Stanton Rd
Newark, DE
Business
First State Orthopaedics PA
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Gary Robert Collins, DDS
(302) 239-3531
5500 Skyline Dr Ste 1 Pike Creek Prof Ctr
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Michael A Poleck, DDS
(302) 999-0111
5501 Kirkwood Hwy
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Ray Rafetto, DDS
(302) 239-4600
4901 Limestone Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Paul Kupcha, MD
(302) 633-3555
1941 Limestone Rd Ste 101
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1986
Hospital
Hospital: Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De; Christiana Hosp, Newark, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
John Richard Smoluk, MD
PO Box 550
Hockessin, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
David Lyman Axon, MD
(302) 636-0123
4512 Kirkwood Hwy Ste 300B
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics, Internal Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Rochester Sch Of Med & Dentistry, Rochester Ny 14642
Graduation Year: 1979
Hospital
Hospital: Riverside Health Care Center, Wilmington, De; Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Christopher D Casscells, MD
(302) 832-6222
3505 Silverside Rd Ste 100 Plaza Center
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Va Sch Of Med, Charlottesville Va 22908
Graduation Year: 1981
Hospital
Hospital: St Francis Hosp, Wilmington, De; Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Casscells & Assoc

Data Provided By:
Brian James Galinat, MD
(302) 633-3557
1941 Limestone Rd Ste 101
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Va Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Of Va Sch Of Med, Richmond Va 23298
Graduation Year: 1983
Hospital
Hospital: Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Paul Kupcha
(302) 633-3555
1941 Limestone Rd
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

Introduction

Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the shoulder works
  • what parts of the shoulder are replaced in surgery
  • what to expect after shoulder replacement surgery

Anatomy

What parts make up the shoulder?

The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collarbone).

The rotator cuff connects the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff is formed by the tendons of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Tendons attach muscles to bones. Muscles move bones by pulling on the tendons. The rotator cuff helps raise and rotate the arm. As the arm is raised, the rotator cuff also keeps the humerus tightly in the socket. A part of the scapula, called the glenoid, makes up the socket of the shoulder. The glenoid is very shallow and flat.

The part of the scapula that connects to the shoulder is called the acromion. A bursa is located between the acromion and the rotator cuff tendons. A bursa is a lubricated sac of tissue that cuts down on the friction between two moving parts. Bursae are located all over the body where tissues must rub against each other. In this case, the bursa protects the acromion and the rotator cuff from grinding against each other.

The humeral head of the shoulder is the ball portion of the joint. The humeral head has several blood vessels, which enter at the base of the articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white material that covers the ends of bones in most joints. Articular cartilage provides a slick, rubbery surface that allows the bones to glide over each other as they move. Cartilage also functions as sort of a shock absorber.

The shoulder joint is surrounded by a watertight sac called the joint capsule. The joint capsule holds fluids that lubricate the joint. The walls of the joint capsule are made up of ligaments. Ligaments are connective tissues that attach bones to bones. The joint capsule has a considerable amount of slack, loose tissue, so that the shoulder is unrestricted as it moves through its large range of motion.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to shoulder joint replacement?

The most common reason for undergoing shoulder replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by the degeneration of the joint over time, through wear and tear. Osteoarthritis can occur without any injury to the shoulder, but that is uncommon. Because the shoulder is not a weight-bear...

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