Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder Mebane NC

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Ronald A Pruitt, MD
(336) 227-3621
316 N Graham Hopedale Rd
Burlington, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Madeline Serrano, DDS
(919) 493-4911
2919 Colony Rd
Hillsborough, NC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Philip Edward Higgs, MD
(919) 932-9980
6520 Union Grove Church Rd
Hillsborough, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Fl Coll Of Med, Gainesville Fl 32610
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Harold B Kernodle
(336) 538-1234
1234 Huffman Mill Rd
Burlington, NC
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
James Christopher Califf, MD
(336) 538-2370
1234 Huffman Mill Rd
Burlington, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Languages
Spanish
Education
Medical School: Duke Univ Sch Of Med, Durham Nc 27710
Graduation Year: 1981
Hospital
Hospital: Alamance Reg Med Ctr, Burlington, Nc
Group Practice: Kernodle Clinic Inc

Data Provided By:
Edward Lloyd Hines, MD
(336) 584-5544
PO Box 209
Burlington, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: George Washington Univ Sch Of Med & Hlth Sci, Washington Dc 20037
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
William Alan Somers, MD
(919) 245-3000
3634 Sparrow Hawk Crst
Hillsborough, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Duke Univ Sch Of Med, Durham Nc 27710
Graduation Year: 1972

Data Provided By:
Howard Edward Miller, MD
(336) 584-5544
1236 Huffman Mill Rd Ste 1300
Burlington, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny-Hlth Sci Ctr At Syracuse, Coll Of Med, Syracuse Ny 13210
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Benjamin F Lowe, DDS
(336) 226-8417
306 Alamance Rd Ste C
Burlington, NC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Edouard Fitzroy Armour, MD
(336) 538-1234
1234 Huffman Mill Rd
Burlington, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Vanderbilt Univ Sch Of Med, Nashville Tn 37232
Graduation Year: 1995
Hospital
Hospital: Alamance Reg Med Ctr, Burlington, Nc
Group Practice: Kernodle Clinic Inc

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

Introduction

Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the shoulder works
  • what parts of the shoulder are replaced in surgery
  • what to expect after shoulder replacement surgery

Anatomy

What parts make up the shoulder?

The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collarbone).

The rotator cuff connects the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff is formed by the tendons of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Tendons attach muscles to bones. Muscles move bones by pulling on the tendons. The rotator cuff helps raise and rotate the arm. As the arm is raised, the rotator cuff also keeps the humerus tightly in the socket. A part of the scapula, called the glenoid, makes up the socket of the shoulder. The glenoid is very shallow and flat.

The part of the scapula that connects to the shoulder is called the acromion. A bursa is located between the acromion and the rotator cuff tendons. A bursa is a lubricated sac of tissue that cuts down on the friction between two moving parts. Bursae are located all over the body where tissues must rub against each other. In this case, the bursa protects the acromion and the rotator cuff from grinding against each other.

The humeral head of the shoulder is the ball portion of the joint. The humeral head has several blood vessels, which enter at the base of the articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white material that covers the ends of bones in most joints. Articular cartilage provides a slick, rubbery surface that allows the bones to glide over each other as they move. Cartilage also functions as sort of a shock absorber.

The shoulder joint is surrounded by a watertight sac called the joint capsule. The joint capsule holds fluids that lubricate the joint. The walls of the joint capsule are made up of ligaments. Ligaments are connective tissues that attach bones to bones. The joint capsule has a considerable amount of slack, loose tissue, so that the shoulder is unrestricted as it moves through its large range of motion.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to shoulder joint replacement?

The most common reason for undergoing shoulder replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by the degeneration of the joint over time, through wear and tear. Osteoarthritis can occur without any injury to the shoulder, but that is uncommon. Because the shoulder is not a weight-bear...

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