Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder Peru IN

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William Hugo Pohnert, MD
(765) 472-8041
285 W 12th St Ste 106
Peru, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mi Med Sch, Ann Arbor Mi 48109
Graduation Year: 1967
Hospital
Hospital: Howard Comm Hosp, Kokomo, In; St Joseph Mem Hosp, Kokomo, In; Dukes Mem Hosp, Peru, In; Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hos, Kokomo, In
Group Practice: Northcentral Indiana Ortho

Data Provided By:
Charles E Montgomery
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey F Granger
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Jesse Lee Sandlin, MD
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Northeastern Oh Univs Coll Of Med, Rootstown Oh 44272
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Dean Yoder, MD
(765) 868-0313
Medical Office Bldg 200 1907 W Sycamore St
Kokomo, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: In Univ Sch Of Med, Indianapolis In 46202
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Aijaz Mohammed Mirza, MD
(260) 569-2408
710 N East St
Wabash, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Dow Med Coll, Univ Of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
Graduation Year: 1958
Hospital
Hospital: Wabash County Hosp, Wabash, In
Group Practice: Mirza Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Charles Edward Montgomery, MD
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: In Univ Sch Of Med, Indianapolis In 46202
Graduation Year: 1969

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Francis Granger, MD
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Chicago, Pritzker Sch Of Med, Chicago Il 60637
Graduation Year: 1981

Data Provided By:
Kevin T Jarrell, DDS
(765) 453-4261
3905 Southland Ave # A
Kokomo, IN
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Aaron Jon LeGrand
(765) 868-0313
1907 W Sycamore St
Kokomo, IN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Shoulder

Introduction

Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) is not as common as replacement surgeries for the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the shoulder works
  • what parts of the shoulder are replaced in surgery
  • what to expect after shoulder replacement surgery

Anatomy

What parts make up the shoulder?

The shoulder is made up of three bones: the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collarbone).

The rotator cuff connects the humerus to the scapula. The rotator cuff is formed by the tendons of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Tendons attach muscles to bones. Muscles move bones by pulling on the tendons. The rotator cuff helps raise and rotate the arm. As the arm is raised, the rotator cuff also keeps the humerus tightly in the socket. A part of the scapula, called the glenoid, makes up the socket of the shoulder. The glenoid is very shallow and flat.

The part of the scapula that connects to the shoulder is called the acromion. A bursa is located between the acromion and the rotator cuff tendons. A bursa is a lubricated sac of tissue that cuts down on the friction between two moving parts. Bursae are located all over the body where tissues must rub against each other. In this case, the bursa protects the acromion and the rotator cuff from grinding against each other.

The humeral head of the shoulder is the ball portion of the joint. The humeral head has several blood vessels, which enter at the base of the articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white material that covers the ends of bones in most joints. Articular cartilage provides a slick, rubbery surface that allows the bones to glide over each other as they move. Cartilage also functions as sort of a shock absorber.

The shoulder joint is surrounded by a watertight sac called the joint capsule. The joint capsule holds fluids that lubricate the joint. The walls of the joint capsule are made up of ligaments. Ligaments are connective tissues that attach bones to bones. The joint capsule has a considerable amount of slack, loose tissue, so that the shoulder is unrestricted as it moves through its large range of motion.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Shoulder Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to shoulder joint replacement?

The most common reason for undergoing shoulder replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by the degeneration of the joint over time, through wear and tear. Osteoarthritis can occur without any injury to the shoulder, but that is uncommon. Because the shoulder is not a weight-bear...

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