Artificial Joint Replacement of the Thumb Aberdeen SD

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H Ray Duncan, DDS
(605) 225-5761
2319 6th Ave SE
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
James Brian MacDougall
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave Nw
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas G Harbert
(605) 229-0205
201 S Lloyd St
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Peter R Carter, MD
(214) 559-7572
1440 15th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nm Sch Of Med, Albuquerque Nm 87131
Graduation Year: 1968
Hospital
Hospital: Texas Scottish Rite Hospital F, Dallas, Tx

Data Provided By:
James Keith Mantone, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW Ste A
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny At Buffalo Sch Of Med & Biomedical Sci, Buffalo Ny 14214
Graduation Year: 1993

Data Provided By:
Chester Wilson P Mayo, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mn Med Sch-Minneapolis, Minneapolis Mn 55455
Graduation Year: 1986
Hospital
Hospital: Huron Reg Med Ctr, Huron, Sd; St Lukes Midland Reg Med Ctr, Aberdeen, Sd
Group Practice: Orthopedic Surgery Specialists

Data Provided By:
James K Mantone
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave Nw
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
James Brian Mac Dougall, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Oh State Univ Coll Of Med, Columbus Oh 43210
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Mark Charles Harlow, MD
(605) 229-0205
201 S Lloyd St
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Washington Univ Sch Of Med, St Louis Mo 63110
Graduation Year: 1968
Hospital
Hospital: St Lukes Midland Reg Med Ctr, Aberdeen, Sd
Group Practice: Aberdeen Association-Ortho Sur

Data Provided By:
Matthew C Reynen
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Avenue Nw Suite A
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Thumb

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Thumb

Introduction

If nonsurgical treatments are not successful in easing problems of thumb arthritis, your doctor may recommend replacing the surfaces of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is called arthroplasty.

This guide will help you understand

  • which parts of the thumb are involved
  • how surgeons perform this surgery
  • what to expect before and after surgery

Anatomy

Which parts of the thumb are involved?

The CMC joint (an abbreviation for carpometacarpal joint) of the thumb is where the metacarpal bone of the thumb attaches to the trapezium bone of the wrist. This joint is sometimes referred to as the basal joint of the thumb. The CMC is the joint that allows you to move your thumb into your palm, a motion called opposition.

Several ligaments (bands of strong tissue) hold the joint together. These ligaments join to form the joint capsule of the CMC joint. The joint capsule is a watertight sac around the joint.

The joint surfaces are covered with a material called articular cartilage. This material is the slick, spongy covering that allows one side of a joint to slide against the other joint surface easily. When this material wears out, the joint develops a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis and becomes painful.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Hand Anatomy

Rationale

What does the surgeon hope to achieve?

Arthritic joint surfaces can be a source of stiffness, pain, and swelling. The artificial joint is used to replace the damaged joint surfaces so patients can do their activities with less pain. Unlike a fusion surgery that simply binds the joint together, arthroplasty can help take away pain while allowing the thumb joint to retain movement.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Arthritis of the Thumb

Preparation

How should I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You need to understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a complete physical examination by your regular doctor. This exam helps ensure that you are in the best possible condition to undergo the operation.

A second purpose of the preoperative visit is to prepare you for your surgery. You'll begin learning some of the exercises you'll use during your recovery. And your therapist can help you anticipate any special needs or problems you might have at home, once you are released from the hospital.

On the day of your surgery, you will probably be admitted to the hospital early in the morning. You shouldn't eat or drink anything after midnight the night before.

Surgical Procedure

What happens during surgery?

Before we describe the procedure, let's look first at the artificial thumb joint itse...

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