Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist Anchorage AK

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William M Dotson, DDS
(907) 563-2828
3401 Denali St Ste 203
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
John J Murray, DDS
(907) 277-0502
2211 E Northern Lights Ste 203
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Stephen Sidney Tower, MD
(907) 563-3145
3260 Providence Dr Ste 200
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Wa Sch Of Med, Seattle Wa 98195
Graduation Year: 1983

Data Provided By:
Leslie P Dean
(907) 563-3145
3260 Providence Dr
Anchorage, AK
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
Christopher John Manion, MD
(907) 729-1640
4315 Diplomacy Dr
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Co Sch Of Med, Denver Co 80262
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
Louis Phillip Clark Jr, MD
(919) 484-2171
3437 Wesleyan Dr
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Meharry Med Coll Sch Of Med, Nashville Tn 37208
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
George Francis Gates III, MD
(907) 561-1656
PO Box 140803
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Al Sch Of Med, Birmingham Al 35294
Graduation Year: 1969
Hospital
Hospital: Alaska Reg Hosp, Anchorage, Ak; Providence Alaska Med Ctr, Anchorage, Ak; South Peninsula Hosp, Homer, Ak

Data Provided By:
William J Mills Jr, MD
(907) 272-0194
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Stanford Univ Sch Of Med, Stanford Ca 94305
Graduation Year: 1950

Data Provided By:
Rollin Byron McCord
(907) 729-3971
4315 Diplomacy Dr
Anchorage, AK
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Adrian Ben Ryan, MD
(907) 563-3145
3260 Providence Dr Ste 200
Anchorage, AK
Specialties
Orthopedics, Family Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Wa Sch Of Med, Seattle Wa 98195
Graduation Year: 1984
Hospital
Hospital: Providence Alaska Med Ctr, Anchorage, Ak
Group Practice: Anchorage Fracture Clinic

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist

Introduction

The wrist joint is replaced with an artificial joint (also called a prosthesis) much less often than other joints in the body, such as the knee or the hip. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively relieve the pain caused by wrist arthritis. When severe arthritis has destroyed the wrist joint, artificial wrist replacement surgery (also called wrist arthroplasty) can help restore wrist strength and motion for many patients.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the wrist is constructed
  • what parts of the wrist are replaced
  • what to expect after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the wrist are involved?

The anatomy of the wrist joint is extremely complex, probably the most complex of all the joints in the body. The wrist joint is actually made up of many joints and many bones. These joints and bones let us use our hands in many ways. The wrist must be extremely mobile to give our hands a full range of motion. At the same time, the wrist must provide the strength for heavy gripping.

The wrist is made up of eight separate small bones, called the carpal bones. The carpal bones connect the two bones of the forearm, the radius and the ulna, to the bones of the hand. The metacarpal bones are the long bones that lie mostly underneath the palm. The metacarpals are in turn attached to the phalanges (the bones in the fingers and thumb).

One reason that the wrist is so complex is that every small bone forms a joint with the bone next to it. This means many small joints make up the wrist joint. Ligaments connect all the small bones to each other, and to the radius, ulna, and metacarpal bones.

Articular cartilage is the smooth, rubbery material that covers the bone surfaces in most joints. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the joint moves. Articular cartilage also acts sort of like a shock absorber. Damage to the articular cartilage eventually leads to degenerative arthritis.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis of the Wrist Joint

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Wrist Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to wrist joint replacement?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which lets it move smoothly without causing pain.

Many operations are used to treat problems in the wrist. A fusion surgery can get rid of pain and restore strength in badly degenerated wrist joints. Fusion surgeries make the wrist strong again, but they greatly reduce the wrist's range of motion. This makes fusion surgery a poor choice for some people.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Wrist Fusion

Arthritis caused by systemic diseases, such as rheumatoid a...

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