Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist Sparks NV

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William Richard Ford Jr, MD
(775) 359-5757
2345 E Prater Way Ste 303
Sparks, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Loma Linda Univ Sch Of Med, Loma Linda Ca 92350
Graduation Year: 1966

Data Provided By:
Kevin J Andrews, DDS
(775) 674-1444
2125 Green Vista Dr Ste 104
Sparks, NV
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Mario E Porras, MD
(775) 358-1050
2005 Silverada Blvd Ste 110
Reno, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nm Sch Of Med, Albuquerque Nm 87131
Graduation Year: 1971

Data Provided By:
Kent Leroy Phillips, DDS
(775) 332-1750
5220 Neil Rd Ste 110
Reno, NV
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
William Richard Hayes Jr, MD
(775) 786-1444
845 Aitken St
Reno, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tn, Memphis, Coll Of Med, Memphis Tn 38163
Graduation Year: 1987

Data Provided By:
David W Welmerink, DDS
(775) 358-6320
1155 Prater Way
Sparks, NV
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Welling Mast, MD
(775) 359-5757
2345 E Prater Way Ste 303
Sparks, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Wayne State Univ Sch Of Med, Detroit Mi 48201
Graduation Year: 1967

Data Provided By:
Harold E Halvorson, MD
(775) 852-8595
Reno, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Stephen D Dow
(775) 329-8423
85 Kirman Ave
Reno, NV
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Donald Scott Huene, MD
(775) 329-8423
85 Kirman Ave Ste 303
Reno, NV
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Bowman Gray Sch Of Med Of Wake Forest Univ, Winston-Salem Nc 27157
Graduation Year: 1987

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist

Introduction

The wrist joint is replaced with an artificial joint (also called a prosthesis) much less often than other joints in the body, such as the knee or the hip. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively relieve the pain caused by wrist arthritis. When severe arthritis has destroyed the wrist joint, artificial wrist replacement surgery (also called wrist arthroplasty) can help restore wrist strength and motion for many patients.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the wrist is constructed
  • what parts of the wrist are replaced
  • what to expect after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the wrist are involved?

The anatomy of the wrist joint is extremely complex, probably the most complex of all the joints in the body. The wrist joint is actually made up of many joints and many bones. These joints and bones let us use our hands in many ways. The wrist must be extremely mobile to give our hands a full range of motion. At the same time, the wrist must provide the strength for heavy gripping.

The wrist is made up of eight separate small bones, called the carpal bones. The carpal bones connect the two bones of the forearm, the radius and the ulna, to the bones of the hand. The metacarpal bones are the long bones that lie mostly underneath the palm. The metacarpals are in turn attached to the phalanges (the bones in the fingers and thumb).

One reason that the wrist is so complex is that every small bone forms a joint with the bone next to it. This means many small joints make up the wrist joint. Ligaments connect all the small bones to each other, and to the radius, ulna, and metacarpal bones.

Articular cartilage is the smooth, rubbery material that covers the bone surfaces in most joints. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the joint moves. Articular cartilage also acts sort of like a shock absorber. Damage to the articular cartilage eventually leads to degenerative arthritis.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis of the Wrist Joint

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Wrist Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to wrist joint replacement?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which lets it move smoothly without causing pain.

Many operations are used to treat problems in the wrist. A fusion surgery can get rid of pain and restore strength in badly degenerated wrist joints. Fusion surgeries make the wrist strong again, but they greatly reduce the wrist's range of motion. This makes fusion surgery a poor choice for some people.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Wrist Fusion

Arthritis caused by systemic diseases, such as rheumatoid a...

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