Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist Woodbridge VA

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Edward G Alexander Jr., MD
(703) 461-7100
4801 Kenmore Ave
Alexandria, VA
Business
Northern Virginia Orthopaedic Group
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Ghassem Abolghasem Nejad, MD
(703) 494-3180
2020B Opitz Blvd
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Teheran Univ, Fac Of Med, Teheran, Iran
Graduation Year: 1961

Data Provided By:
Richard Lee Layfield III, MD
(952) 746-2529
2280 Opitz Blvd Ste 260
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of South Fl Coll Of Med, Tampa Fl 33612
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
Frederick Gerson Stern, DDS
(703) 494-9119
2200 Opitz Blvd Ste 370
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Patrick D Hart, DDS
(703) 491-4278
12600 Lake Ridge Dr
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Kenneth Gerard Ward, MD
(703) 491-2262
2010 Opitz Blvd Ste C
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Umdnj-New Jersey Med Sch, Newark Nj 07103
Graduation Year: 1973

Data Provided By:
Jahan Joubin, MD
(703) 425-0225
2296 Opitz Blvd
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Shiraz Univ Of Med Sci, Shiraz, Iran
Graduation Year: 1965

Data Provided By:
Ghassem A Nejad
(703) 690-2970
2020 Optiz Blvd
Woodbridge, VA
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Linda T Kirilenko
(703) 576-1419
14450 Smoketown Rd
Woodbridge, VA
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
John Walter Mann III, MD
(703) 497-1234
14573 Potomac Mills Rd
Woodbridge, VA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Languages
German
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Va Sch Of Med, Charlottesville Va 22908
Graduation Year: 1987

Data Provided By:
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Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist

A Patient's Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Wrist

Introduction

The wrist joint is replaced with an artificial joint (also called a prosthesis) much less often than other joints in the body, such as the knee or the hip. Still, when necessary, this operation can effectively relieve the pain caused by wrist arthritis. When severe arthritis has destroyed the wrist joint, artificial wrist replacement surgery (also called wrist arthroplasty) can help restore wrist strength and motion for many patients.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the wrist is constructed
  • what parts of the wrist are replaced
  • what to expect after surgery

Anatomy

What parts of the wrist are involved?

The anatomy of the wrist joint is extremely complex, probably the most complex of all the joints in the body. The wrist joint is actually made up of many joints and many bones. These joints and bones let us use our hands in many ways. The wrist must be extremely mobile to give our hands a full range of motion. At the same time, the wrist must provide the strength for heavy gripping.

The wrist is made up of eight separate small bones, called the carpal bones. The carpal bones connect the two bones of the forearm, the radius and the ulna, to the bones of the hand. The metacarpal bones are the long bones that lie mostly underneath the palm. The metacarpals are in turn attached to the phalanges (the bones in the fingers and thumb).

One reason that the wrist is so complex is that every small bone forms a joint with the bone next to it. This means many small joints make up the wrist joint. Ligaments connect all the small bones to each other, and to the radius, ulna, and metacarpal bones.

Articular cartilage is the smooth, rubbery material that covers the bone surfaces in most joints. It protects the bone ends from friction when they rub together as the joint moves. Articular cartilage also acts sort of like a shock absorber. Damage to the articular cartilage eventually leads to degenerative arthritis.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Osteoarthritis of the Wrist Joint

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Wrist Anatomy

Rationale

What conditions lead to wrist joint replacement?

The main reason for replacing any arthritic joint with an artificial joint is to stop the bones from rubbing against each other. This rubbing causes pain. Replacing the painful arthritic joint with an artificial joint gives the joint a new surface, which lets it move smoothly without causing pain.

Many operations are used to treat problems in the wrist. A fusion surgery can get rid of pain and restore strength in badly degenerated wrist joints. Fusion surgeries make the wrist strong again, but they greatly reduce the wrist's range of motion. This makes fusion surgery a poor choice for some people.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Wrist Fusion

Arthritis caused by systemic diseases, such as rheumatoid a...

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