Biologic Therapies for Aging Discs Milledgeville GA

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Clarence Hughes Fossier, MD
(478) 457-0037
PO Box 750
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Il Coll Of Med, Chicago Il 60680
Graduation Year: 1966

Data Provided By:
Steven P Niergarth, DO
(478) 451-0040
1201 N Columbia Dr
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mi State Univ, Coll Of Osteo Med, East Lansing Mi 48824
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Pedro Luis Tamayo, MD
(478) 452-8096
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Inst Sup De Cien Med De La Habana, La Habana, Cuba
Graduation Year: 1959

Data Provided By:
Mark Lewis Mudano, MD
(478) 451-0200
541 W Montgomery St Ste 1
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Ga Sch Of Med, Augusta Ga 30912
Graduation Year: 1984

Data Provided By:
Robert T. Greenfield, III, M.D.
(770) 787-4042
3211 Iris Drive
Covington, GA
Business
Resrugens Orhtopaedics
Specialties
Orthopedics, Adult Spine Surgery, Kyphoplasty, Reconstructive Surgery
Insurance
Insurance Plans Accepted: Accept most plans

Doctor Information
Primary Hospital: Rockdle Medical Center
Residency Training: Howard University College of Medicien
Medical School: Howard University College of Medicine; Washington, D.C.,
Additional Information
Member Organizations: National Medical Association Georgia State Medical Association Atlanta Orthopaedic Society North American Spine Society


Data Provided By:
John Hopkins Ferguson, DDS
(478) 453-3445
600 N Cobb ST PO Box 850
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Anne T Sanchez, DMD
(478) 452-7441
1006 Fernwood Dr
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Akin Omitowoju, MD
2955 N Columbia St
Milledgeville, GA
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Lagos, Coll Of Med, Lagos, Nigeria
Graduation Year: 1972

Data Provided By:
Lawrence A. Bircoll, M.D.
(770) 491-3003
2680 Lawrenceville Highway
Decatur, GA
Business
Resurgens Orthopedics
Specialties
Orthopedics
Insurance
Insurance Plans Accepted: We accept most insurance plans

Doctor Information
Primary Hospital: Dekalb Medical Center
Residency Training: Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan
Medical School: University of Michigan School of Medicine,
Additional Information
Member Organizations: American Academy of Orthopaedics Medical Association of Georgia Atlanta Orthoapedic Society
Languages Spoken: English

Data Provided By:
Sami O. Khan, M.D.
(770) 491-3003
2680 Lawrencevill Highway
Decatur, GA
Business
Resrugens Orthopaedics
Specialties
Orthopedics, Arthroscopic and Reconstructive Surgery of the Shoulder, Elbow and Knee, Sports Medicine, General Orthopaedics
Insurance
Insurance Plans Accepted: We accept most insurance plans

Doctor Information
Primary Hospital: Emory Eastside Hospital
Residency Training: New York University Hospital fo rJoint Disease
Medical School: Emory University School of Medicine,
Additional Information
Member Organizations: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Arthroscopy Association of North America, American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine
Awards: Associate Team Physician, New York Mets MLB 2003-2004 Team Physician, Mississippi Valley State Delta Devils 2006-2007 Associate Physician, Alvin Ailey Dance Theater New York, 2004 Author of multiple textbook chapters involving shoulder and elbow injuri
Languages Spoken: English,Spanish

Data Provided By:
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Biologic Therapies for Aging Discs

The lines and wrinkles on our faces aren't the only signs of the inevitable aging process. Progressive degenerative changes have also been documented in the spine. One of the areas of great interest is the intervertebral disc . New biologic therapies for aging discs are the subject of this review article on the topic.

There are 33 vertebrae or spinal bones. Between each vertebra is a disc made of tough cartilage with a fluid center. These discs provide the cushion that allows your backbone to bend and twist. Discs also act like shock absorbers as we walk, run, and jump. Each vertebral segment consists of bone next to bone with a cartilage cushion between. They are tied together with connective tissue, ligaments, and tendons.

Degenerative disc disease is an example of something that affects most people as they get older. Everyone is going to have a certain amount of damage to the spine. This occurs throughout a lifetime. The discs can flatten, and protrude from between the bones. In time, most people will have small tears in the outer layers of these discs.

Finding ways to repair damage to the discs is the focus of many research studies. One of the most recent directions in research has been the use of biologic therapies to restore the disc. Examples of these treatment approaches include disc cell reimplantation, stem cell implantation, disc denervation, injection of therapeutic proteins, and gene therapy.

What are these therapies and how do they work? Biologic therapies of this type are meant to help at the cellular level. Scientists have shown that inside the cells of the disc there is a limited amount of blood flow. As a result, there are waste products building up. The cell becomes very acidic and that is a harsh environment that doesn't support cell health very well.

As we age, there are fewer new cells to replace the old. Fluid leaks out of the discs that never gets replaced. We start to lose the strength of the discs needed to cushion and support the spine. A loss of disc height can lead to disc space collapse.

That's what's happening on the inside at the cellular level. On the outside, the affected individual may not feel anything until the degenerative process has gone on quite a while. Eventually, back pain, loss of motion, and loss of function get our attention. By then, there may not be much that can be done to save the disc. Right now, surgery to remove the disc is often the only option.

That could change if any of these biologic therapies can be perfected. Right now they are still in the experimental stages. Most of the studies have been done on animals but a few human trials have been conducted.

For example, disc tissue reimplantation is a process in which a few healthy cells are removed from an intact disc. They are taken to a lab where they can be multiplied and then reinjected into the diseased disc. The hope is that the new, healthy cells will replace the damaged cells and restore the strength of t...

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