Bipartite Patella Branson MO

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Darin L Talley, MD
(417) 334-8877
511 Bee Creek Rd
Branson, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tx Med Sch At San Antonio, San Antonio Tx 78284
Graduation Year: 1996

Data Provided By:
John W Huffman, DO
(850) 651-5034
511 Bee Creek Rd
Branson, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Kirksville Coll Of Osteo Med, Kirksville Mo 63501
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Darin L Talley
(417) 334-8877
511 Bee Creek Rd
Branson, MO
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
J Marcus Heim, DO
(573) 348-4432
590 Birch Rd
Hollister, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Ok State Univ, Coll Of Osteo Med, Tulsa, Ok 74107
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: Breech Med Ctr, Lebanon, Mo
Group Practice: Lake Orthopedic Group

Data Provided By:
Anita G Rao, MD
(314) 645-8009
6901 Chippewa St
Saint Louis, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Northwestern Univ Med Sch, Chicago Il 60611
Graduation Year: 1996

Data Provided By:
Robert Patrick O'Brien, MD
(417) 334-8877
511 Bee Creek Rd
Branson, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Az Coll Of Med, Tucson Az 85724
Graduation Year: 1975

Data Provided By:
Lawrence V Page
(417) 348-8100
121 Cahill Rd
Branson, MO
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert Patrick O'Brien
(417) 334-8877
511 Bee Creek Rd
Branson, MO
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert A Shively, MD
(314) 652-4100
915 N Grand Ave
Saint Louis, MO
Business
Washington University Orthopedics
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Bruce Neil Jones, MD
(314) 434-3240
224 Woods Mill Rd Ste 255 S
Chesterfield, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics, Family Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Wayne State Univ Sch Of Med, Detroit Mi 48201
Graduation Year: 1973
Hospital
Hospital: St Lukes Hospital, Chesterfield, Mo
Group Practice: Mell & Jones Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella
Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the you grow. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls. When this condition is discovered in adulthood it is oftentimes an “incidental finding”.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles , to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .

The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching. There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight trai...

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