Bipartite Patella Espanola NM

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Matthew W McKinley
(505) 753-7111
1010 Spruce St
Espanola, NM
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Marion L Messersmith, DDS
(505) 662-4934
3250 Trinity Dr Ste A
Los Alamos, NM
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Robert S Turner, MD
(505) 858-0784
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
David Patrick Huberty, MD
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Creighton Univ Sch Of Med, Omaha Ne 68178
Graduation Year: 2000

Data Provided By:
Kari Miroslaw Babinski, MD
(715) 847-3225
201 Cedar Street North East South
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Baylor Coll Of Med, Houston Tx 77030
Graduation Year: 1992

Data Provided By:
Arnold Barry Wise, MD
(505) 747-4144
1010 Spruce St
Espanola, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Wa Sch Of Med, Seattle Wa 98195
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
Anthony F Pachelli, MD
(505) 724-4300
201 Cedar St SE
Albuquerque, NM
Business
New Mexico Orthopaedic Associates
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Raymond H Gilbert, DDS
(505) 293-2332
8400 Osuna Rd Ne Ste 2C
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

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John Charles France, MD
(304) 535-6343
3436 Isleta Blvd SW
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Dr.Samuel Chun
(505) 424-0200
1631 Hospital Dr # 200
Santa Fe, NM
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
2.0, out of 5 based on 4, reviews.

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Bipartite Patella

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella
Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the you grow. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls. When this condition is discovered in adulthood it is oftentimes an “incidental finding”.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles , to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .

The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching. There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight trai...

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