Bipartite Patella Mound MN

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Dean Curtis Taylor, MD
(952) 831-8742
Victoria, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Duke Univ Sch Of Med, Durham Nc 27710
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
James Eugene Johanson, MD
(612) 868-1918
20040 Minnetonka Blvd
Excelsior, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mo, Columbia Sch Of Med, Columbia Mo 65212
Graduation Year: 1963

Data Provided By:
Michael W Gleysteen, DDS
(952) 473-7037
250 Central Ave N Ste 113
Wayzata, MN
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Joseph Alan Fiedler, DDS
(952) 934-0103
470 W 78th St Ste 200
Chanhassen, MN
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
James Philip Wire, MD
(952) 442-8045
204 Lewis Ave S
Watertown, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mn Med Sch-Minneapolis, Minneapolis Mn 55455
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Mark Todd Wheaton, MD
(952) 593-0500
21920 Minnetonka Blvd
Excelsior, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: George Washington Univ Sch Of Med & Hlth Sci, Washington Dc 20037
Graduation Year: 1987

Data Provided By:
Lumir C Proshek, MD
(952) 474-5844
3613 Red Cedar Point Rd
Excelsior, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Gordon Alvin Welke, MD
(952) 931-9718
Chanhassen, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Saskatchewan, Coll Of Med, Saskatoon, Sask, Canada
Graduation Year: 1979
Hospital
Hospital: Fairmont Comm Hosp, Fairmont, Mn
Group Practice: Fairmont Medical Center Mayo Health System; Orthopedic Consultants Chaska Health Center

Data Provided By:
Robert Mccellan Barnett
(952) 442-2163
501 S Maple St
Waconia, MN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert E Heeter, MD
(952) 442-6525
490 S Maple St Ste 203
Waconia, MN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella
Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the you grow. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls. When this condition is discovered in adulthood it is oftentimes an “incidental finding”.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles , to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .

The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching. There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight trai...

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