Bipartite Patella Peru IN

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William Hugo Pohnert, MD
(765) 472-8041
285 W 12th St Ste 106
Peru, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mi Med Sch, Ann Arbor Mi 48109
Graduation Year: 1967
Hospital
Hospital: Howard Comm Hosp, Kokomo, In; St Joseph Mem Hosp, Kokomo, In; Dukes Mem Hosp, Peru, In; Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hos, Kokomo, In
Group Practice: Northcentral Indiana Ortho

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Francis Granger, MD
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Chicago, Pritzker Sch Of Med, Chicago Il 60637
Graduation Year: 1981

Data Provided By:
Charles Edward Montgomery, MD
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: In Univ Sch Of Med, Indianapolis In 46202
Graduation Year: 1969

Data Provided By:
Charles E Montgomery
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas M Reilly
(765) 236-8700
311 S Berkley Rd
Kokomo, IN
Specialty
Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine

Data Provided By:
Aijaz Mohammed Mirza, MD
(260) 569-2408
710 N East St
Wabash, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Dow Med Coll, Univ Of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
Graduation Year: 1958
Hospital
Hospital: Wabash County Hosp, Wabash, In
Group Practice: Mirza Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jesse Lee Sandlin, MD
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Northeastern Oh Univs Coll Of Med, Rootstown Oh 44272
Graduation Year: 1994

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey F Granger
(574) 753-4193
1601 Chase Rd
Logansport, IN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Dean Yoder
(765) 868-0313
1907 W Sycamore St
Kokomo, IN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Kevin T Jarrell, DDS
(765) 453-4261
3905 Southland Ave # A
Kokomo, IN
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella
Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the you grow. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls. When this condition is discovered in adulthood it is oftentimes an “incidental finding”.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles , to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .

The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching. There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight trai...

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