Bipartite Patella in Children Aberdeen SD

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H Ray Duncan, DDS
(605) 225-5761
2319 6th Ave SE
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Peter R Carter, MD
(214) 559-7572
1440 15th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nm Sch Of Med, Albuquerque Nm 87131
Graduation Year: 1968
Hospital
Hospital: Texas Scottish Rite Hospital F, Dallas, Tx

Data Provided By:
Matthew C Reynen
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Avenue Nw Suite A
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
James Brian Mac Dougall, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Oh State Univ Coll Of Med, Columbus Oh 43210
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
James Brian MacDougall
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave Nw
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

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Matthew Carl Reynen, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1991
Hospital
Hospital: Huron Reg Med Ctr, Huron, Sd
Group Practice: Orthopedic Surgery Specialists

Data Provided By:
Mark Charles Harlow, MD
(605) 229-0205
201 S Lloyd St
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Washington Univ Sch Of Med, St Louis Mo 63110
Graduation Year: 1968
Hospital
Hospital: St Lukes Midland Reg Med Ctr, Aberdeen, Sd
Group Practice: Aberdeen Association-Ortho Sur

Data Provided By:
James Keith Mantone, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW Ste A
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny At Buffalo Sch Of Med & Biomedical Sci, Buffalo Ny 14214
Graduation Year: 1993

Data Provided By:
John Joseph Gluscic, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pa Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19104
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
James K Mantone
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave Nw
Aberdeen, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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