Bipartite Patella in Children Dickson TN

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James L Rushford
(615) 446-2708
758 Highway 46 South
Dickson, TN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Ronald Gerard Derr, DO
(615) 790-3290
115 Highway 70 E
Dickson, TN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Ohio Univ, Coll Of Osteo Med, Athens Oh 45701
Graduation Year: 1988

Data Provided By:
D Marshall Jemison, MD
(423) 756-7134
979 E 3rd St
Chattanooga, TN
Business
The Plastic Surgery Group PC
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Robert S Smith, DDS
(865) 687-6560
4121 E Emory Rd
Knoxville, TN
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
John P Masterson, MD
(731) 427-7888
569 Skyline Dr Ste 100
Jackson, TN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tx Southwestern Med Ctr At Dallas, Med Sch, Dallas Tx 75235
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
Jan M Gorzny, MD
(615) 441-4574
113 Highway 70 E
Dickson, TN
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny At Buffalo Sch Of Med & Biomedical Sci, Buffalo Ny 14214
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Dr. Chad Upchurch
Life Source Wellness Center
(615) 441-6115
491 Henslee Dr
Dickson, TN
Specialty
Chiropractor
Conditions
Back pain,Chronic pain,Leg pain,Lower back pain,Neck pain,Upper back pain
Treatments
Chiropractic adjustment,Chiropractic care,Spinal manipulation
Proffesional Affiliation
Tennessee Chiropractic Association

Robert Tudor Strang
(423) 245-3161
2202 John B Dennis Hwy
Kingsport, TN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Mark T Cutright
(615) 382-5204
417 Northcrest Dr
Springfield, TN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Timothy H Krahn
(901) 259-1600
6286 Briarcrest Ave
Memphis, TN
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery, Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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