Bipartite Patella in Children Greer SC

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Jon R Davids, MD
(864) 271-3444
950 W Faris Rd
Greenville, SC
Business
Shriner's Hospital
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Daniel I Cordas
(864) 877-4639
501 Memorial Drive Ext
Greer, SC
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Margaret Broadhead-Seidl, DMD
(864) 801-3500
150 Sage Creek Way
Greer, SC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
David Elbert Westberry, MD
Greer, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Ga Sch Of Med, Augusta Ga 30912
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
Jeffery C Summers, DMD
(864) 244-7545
Unit 2 4501 Old Spartanburg Rd
Taylors, SC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Thomas B Eison
(864) 849-9150
2755 S Highway 14
Greer, SC
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas Bennett Eison, MD
(864) 877-6441
556 Memorial Drive Ext Ste D
Greer, SC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Univ Of Sc Coll Of Med, Charleston Sc 29425
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Michael Stuart Johnston, DMD
(864) 877-2929
PO Box 2264
Greer, SC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
William J Wirthlin, DDS
(864) 244-7545
4501 Old Spartanburg Rd
Taylors, SC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Seraphin J Millon
(864) 242-4263
1011 Frontage Rd
Greenville, SC
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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