Bipartite Patella in Children Hickory NC

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Jeremy Clyde Johnson, MD
(704) 355-3184
PO Box 20500
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Tulane Univ Sch Of Med, New Orleans La 70112
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
Edwin Louis Peak
(828) 345-6468
36 14th Ave Ne
Hickory, NC
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Donald A Campbell
(828) 324-2800
2165 Medical Park Dr
Hickory, NC
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Heber Grey Winfield, MD
(828) 322-5172
214 18th St SE
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nc At Chapel Hill Sch Of Med, Chapel Hill Nc 27599
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
E Louis Peak, MD
(866) 324-2850
2165 Medical Park Dr
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Emory Univ Sch Of Med, Atlanta Ga 30322
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
Richard Marion Garlitz, DDS
(828) 322-1535
382 10Th Avenue Dr Ne
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
David C Hamilton, DDS
(828) 328-1088
322 10th Avenue Dr Ne
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Stephen Joseph Sladicka, MD
(828) 635-8430
2165 Medical Park Dr
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1989

Data Provided By:
Paul Eugene Brown, MD
(828) 322-5172
214 18th St SE
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nc At Chapel Hill Sch Of Med, Chapel Hill Nc 27599
Graduation Year: 1969

Data Provided By:
John Leslie De Perczel, MD
(828) 294-9164
2165 Medical Park Dr
Hickory, NC
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Loyola Univ Of Chicago Stritch Sch Of Med, Maywood Il 60153
Graduation Year: 1972
Hospital
Hospital: Catawba Mem Hosp, Hickory, Nc; Frye Reg Med Ctr, Hickory, Nc
Group Practice: Carolina Orthopaedic Specialists; Carolina Orthopaedic Specialists Newton

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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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