Bipartite Patella in Children Hockessin DE

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David T Sowa, MD
(302) 731-2888
4745 Ogletown Stanton Rd
Newark, DE
Business
First State Orthopaedics PA
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Brian James Galinat, MD
(302) 633-3557
1941 Limestone Rd Ste 101
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Va Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Of Va Sch Of Med, Richmond Va 23298
Graduation Year: 1983
Hospital
Hospital: Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Michael A Poleck, DDS
(302) 999-0111
5501 Kirkwood Hwy
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Peter Fedele Townsend, MD
(302) 633-3248
1941 Limestone Rd Ste 101
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pa Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19104
Graduation Year: 1984
Hospital
Hospital: Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
David Lyman Axon, MD
(302) 636-0123
4512 Kirkwood Hwy Ste 300B
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics, Internal Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Rochester Sch Of Med & Dentistry, Rochester Ny 14642
Graduation Year: 1979
Hospital
Hospital: Riverside Health Care Center, Wilmington, De; Christiana Care -Wilmington, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
John Richard Smoluk, MD
PO Box 550
Hockessin, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1968

Data Provided By:
Brian J Galinat
(302) 633-3555
1941 Limestone Road
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Steven Michael Dellose, MD
(302) 633-3555
1941 Limestone Rd Ste 101
Wilmington, DE
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Jefferson Med Coll-Thos Jefferson Univ, Philadelphia Pa 19107
Graduation Year: 1996
Hospital
Hospital: Riverside Health Care Center, Wilmington, De
Group Practice: Delaware Orthopeadic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Steven M Dellose
(302) 633-3555
1941 Limestone Road
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Peter R Coggins
(302) 655-1115
5811 Kennett Pike
Wilmington, DE
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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