Bipartite Patella in Children San Marcos TX

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Stephen Mark Norwood, MD
(512) 353-8661
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Tx Southwestern Med Ctr At Dallas, Med Sch, Dallas Tx 75235
Graduation Year: 1982

Data Provided By:
Craig Thomas Hatton, MD
(512) 301-5350
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Uniformed Services Univ Of The Hlth Sci, Bethesda Md 20814
Graduation Year: 1982

Data Provided By:
Stanley Arch Ault, DDS
(512) 396-5151
217-C M Allen Pkwy
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
James Keith Baker
(512) 353-8658
1305 Wonder World Drive
San Marcos, TX
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
David W Starch, MD
705 Landa St Ste C
New Braunfels, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Tx Tech Univ Hlth Sci Ctr Sch Of Med, Lubbock Tx 79430
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
Kermit Nevaro Welch, DDS
(512) 396-8000
321 S L B J Dr
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Gerard M Pennington, MD
(512) 353-8661
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ms Sch Of Med, Jackson Ms 39216
Graduation Year: 1983

Data Provided By:
William Chas Nemeth, MD
1305 Wonder World Dr Ste 100
San Marcos, TX
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Az Coll Of Med, Tucson Az 85724
Graduation Year: 1973

Data Provided By:
David W Starch
(830) 625-3481
705 Landa
New Braunfels, TX
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Richard Jordan Post
(830) 625-3481
705 Landa St
New Braunfels, TX
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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