Bipartite Patella in Children Sebring FL

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Ashok Sonni, MD
(239) 385-2222
6325 US Highway 27 N Ste 201
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Languages
Spanish
Education
Medical School: Bangalore Med Coll, Bangalore Univ, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Graduation Year: 1974
Hospital
Hospital: Florida Hosp Heartland Div, Sebring, Fl; Highlands Reg Med Ctr, Sebring, Fl
Group Practice: Florida Joint & Spine Inst

Data Provided By:
Diana Deane Carr, MD
(863) 382-7777
131 US Highway 27 N
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Va Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Of Va Sch Of Med, Richmond Va 23298
Graduation Year: 1975

Data Provided By:
Vernon R Morris, MD
(863) 386-5555
3201 Medical Way
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Temple Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19140
Graduation Year: 1974

Data Provided By:
Alfred Robert Massam
(863) 385-3611
133 U.S. 27 North
Sebring, FL
Specialty
Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Murphy F McGirt, MD
(305) 743-4811
PO Box 248 1064 E Cornell St
Avon Park, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
James B Kendrick, DMD
(863) 385-0452
1747 Sw Lakeview Dr
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Stephen Frank Beissinger, MD
(863) 385-2222
6325 US Highway 27 N Ste 201
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pittsburgh Sch Of Med, Pittsburgh Pa 15261
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: Highlands Reg Med Ctr, Sebring, Fl; Winter Haven Hosp, Winter Haven, Fl; Florida Hosp -Lake Placid, Lake Placid, Fl
Group Practice: Florida Joint & Spine Inst

Data Provided By:
Jose R Thomas Richards, DO
3750 Emergency Ln
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Hlth Sci, Coll Of Osteo Med, Kansas City Mo 64124
Graduation Year: 1970

Data Provided By:
Juan Carlos Alvarez, MD
(863) 314-4477
PO Box 8027
Sebring, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Fl Coll Of Med, Gainesville Fl 32610
Graduation Year: 1996

Data Provided By:
Claude F Martin, MD
(256) 718-3200
2794 Palo Verde Dr
Avon Park, FL
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Mc Gill Univ, Fac Of Med, Montreal, Que, Canada
Graduation Year: 1984

Data Provided By:
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Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient's Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children

Introduction

Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they remain as two separate bones. About one per cent of the population has this condition. Boys are affected much more often than girls.

This guide will help you understand

what parts of the knee are involved how this condition develops how doctors diagnose this condition what treatment options are available Anatomy

What is the patella and what does it do?


The knee is the meeting place of two important bones in the leg, the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (kneecap) is the moveable bone that sits in front of the knee. This unique bone is wrapped inside a tendon that connects the large muscles on the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles, to the lower leg bone.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

What causes this condition?

The patella starts out as a piece of fibrous cartilage. It turns into bone or ossifies as part of the growth process. Each bone has an ossification center. This is the first area of the structure to start changing into bone.

Most bones (including the patella) only have one primary ossification center. But in some cases, a second ossification center is present. Normally, these two centers of bone will fuse together during late childhood or early adolescence. If they don’t ossify together, then the two pieces of bone remain connected by fibrous or cartilage tissue. This connective tissue is called a synchondrosis .


The most common location of the second bone is the supero-lateral (upper outer) corner of the patella. But the problem can occur at the bottom of the patella or along the side of the kneecap.

Injury or direct trauma to the synchondrosis can cause a separation of this weak union leading to inflammation. Repetitive microtrauma can have the same effect. The cartilage has a limited ability to repair itself. The increased mobility between the main bone and the second ossification center further weakens the synchondrosis resulting in painful symptoms.

Symptoms

What does bipartite patella feel like?

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Sometimes there is a bony bump or place where the bone sticks out more on one side than the other. If inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the two bones occurs, then painful symptoms develop directly over the kneecap. The pain is usually described as dull aching.There may be some swelling.

Movement of the knee can be painful, especially when bending the joint. Atrophy of the quadriceps and malalignment of the patella can lead to patellar tracking problems. Squatting, stair climbing, weight training, and strenuous activity aggravate the knee causing increased symptoms....

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