Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement Maryland Heights MO

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Robert A Shively, MD
(314) 652-4100
915 N Grand Ave
Saint Louis, MO
Business
Washington University Orthopedics
Specialties
Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Tony Heng-Chi Hsu, DDS
(314) 344-1121
2388 Schuetz Rd Ste 3A-55
Saint Louis, MO
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Katherine Anne Burns, MD
(314) 291-3399
12277 de Paul Dr Ste 305
Bridgeton, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Baylor Coll Of Med, Houston Tx 77030
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
Jacques Simon Van Ryn, MD
(314) 291-3399
12277 de Paul Dr Ste 305
Bridgeton, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Albany Med Coll, Albany Ny 12208
Graduation Year: 1979

Data Provided By:
Ronald Earl Palmer, MD
(309) 676-5546
12303 de Paul Dr
Bridgeton, MO
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Finch U Of Hs/Chicago Med Sch, North Chicago Il 60664
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: St Francis Med Ctr, Peoria, Il
Group Practice: Orthopedic Institute Of Illinois

Data Provided By:
Osmond G Jones, DDS
(314) 344-1121
2388 Schuetz Rd
Saint Louis, MO
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
E Glenn Glassman, DDS
(314) 739-8888
2388 Schuetz Rd Ste A55
Saint Louis, MO
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Dennis J Brady, DDS
(314) 739-3163
12139 Natural Bridge Rd
Bridgeton, MO
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Gary Farley, DO
(314) 837-5555
12277 de Paul Dr Ste 100
Bridgeton, MO
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Kirksville Coll Of Osteo Med, Kirksville Mo 63501
Graduation Year: 1977
Hospital
Hospital: Depaul Health Center, Bridgeton, Mo
Group Practice: Mid America Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
S Vic Glogovac
(314) 291-7510
12255 De Paul Dr
Bridgeton, MO
Specialty
Hand Surgery

Data Provided By:
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Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement

A Patient's Guide to Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement

Introduction

Artificial disc replacement (ADR) is relatively new. In June 2004, the first ADR for the lumbar spine (low back) was approved by the FDA for use in the US. Replacing a damaged disc in the cervical spine (neck) is a bit trickier. The disc is part of a complex joint in the spine. Making a replacement disc that works and that will last is not an easy task. There are now several Cervical artificial disc replacement devices that have been approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

The artificial disc is inserted in the space between two vertebrae. The goal is to replace the diseased or damaged disc while keeping your normal neck motion. The hope is that your spine will be protected from similar problems above and below the affected spinal level.

This guide will help you understand:

  • what parts of the spine are involved
  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve
  • who can benefit from this procedure
  • how do I prepare for surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect as you recover

Anatomy

What parts of the spine are involved?

Disc replacement typically occurs at cervical spine levels C4-5, C5-6, or C6-7. The first seven vertebrae make up the cervical spine. Doctors often refer to the cervical vertebrae as C1 to C7. The cervical spine starts where the top vertebra (C1) connects to the bottom of the skull. The cervical spine curves slightly inward and ends where C7 joins the top of the thoracic spine (the chest area) at the first thoracic vertebra, T1.

Each vertebra is made of the same parts. The main section of each cervical vertebrae, from C2 to C7, is formed by a round block of bone, called the vertebral body. A bony ring attaches to the back of the vertebral body. This ring has two parts. Two pedicles connect directly to the back of the vertebral body. Two lamina bones join the pedicles to complete the ring. The lamina bones form the outer rim of the bony ring. When the vertebrae are stacked on top of each other, the bony rings form a hollow tube that surrounds the spinal cord. The laminae provide a protective wall around the spinal cord.

On the left and right side of each vertebra is a small tunnel called a neural foramen. (Foramina is the plural term.) The two nerves that leave the spine at each vertebra go through the foramina, one on the left and one on the right. The intervertebral disc sits directly in front of the opening. A bulged or herniated disc can narrow the opening and put pressure on the nerve. A facet joint sits behind the foramen. Bone spurs that form on the facet joint can project into the tunnel, narrowing the hole and pinching the nerve.

A special type of structure in the spine called an intervertebral disc has two parts. The center, called the nucleus, is spongy. It provides most of the shock absorption in the spine. The nucleus is held in place by the annulus, a serie...

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