Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement Mitchell SD

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Felix Flores Ungacta, MD
625 N Foster St
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1994
Hospital
Hospital: Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd

Data Provided By:
Marcia Nelsen, MD
(605) 996-5903
2200 N Kimball St Ste 1050
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: Sacred Heart Health Services, Yankton, Sd; Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Praireland Orthopaedics

Data Provided By:
Thomas E Roth, DDS
(605) 224-6205
711 E Wells Ave Ste 210
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Bradley R Plaga
(605) 331-5890
810 E 23rd St
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Gonzalo H Sanchez
(605) 224-7070
100 Mac Lane
Pierre, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert Ernest Mc Whirter, MD
(605) 996-7077
1222 E 7th Ave
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Emergency Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Wi, Milwaukee Wi 53226
Graduation Year: 1972
Hospital
Hospital: Platte Comm Memorial Hospital, Platte, Sd; Queen Of Peace Hospital, Mitchell, Sd
Group Practice: Mitchell Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Timothy Jon Gill, MD
7220 S Highway 16
Rapid City, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nm Sch Of Med, Albuquerque Nm 87131
Graduation Year: 1976

Data Provided By:
Franklin Gustave Alvine, MD
(605) 336-2638
2908 E 26th St
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Wa Sch Of Med, Seattle Wa 98195
Graduation Year: 1964
Hospital
Hospital: Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Orthopedic Associates

Data Provided By:
Gerald Michael Rieber, MD
1201 Mickelson Dr Ste 1
Watertown, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Mn Med Sch-Minneapolis, Minneapolis Mn 55455
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
Bradley Scott Baker, MD
1210 W 18th St
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nd Sch Of Med, Grand Forks Nd 58201
Graduation Year: 1995

Data Provided By:
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Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement

A Patient's Guide to Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement

Introduction

Artificial disc replacement (ADR) is relatively new. In June 2004, the first ADR for the lumbar spine (low back) was approved by the FDA for use in the US. Replacing a damaged disc in the cervical spine (neck) is a bit trickier. The disc is part of a complex joint in the spine. Making a replacement disc that works and that will last is not an easy task. There are now several Cervical artificial disc replacement devices that have been approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

The artificial disc is inserted in the space between two vertebrae. The goal is to replace the diseased or damaged disc while keeping your normal neck motion. The hope is that your spine will be protected from similar problems above and below the affected spinal level.

This guide will help you understand:

  • what parts of the spine are involved
  • what your surgeon hopes to achieve
  • who can benefit from this procedure
  • how do I prepare for surgery
  • what happens during the procedure
  • what to expect as you recover

Anatomy

What parts of the spine are involved?

Disc replacement typically occurs at cervical spine levels C4-5, C5-6, or C6-7. The first seven vertebrae make up the cervical spine. Doctors often refer to the cervical vertebrae as C1 to C7. The cervical spine starts where the top vertebra (C1) connects to the bottom of the skull. The cervical spine curves slightly inward and ends where C7 joins the top of the thoracic spine (the chest area) at the first thoracic vertebra, T1.

Each vertebra is made of the same parts. The main section of each cervical vertebrae, from C2 to C7, is formed by a round block of bone, called the vertebral body. A bony ring attaches to the back of the vertebral body. This ring has two parts. Two pedicles connect directly to the back of the vertebral body. Two lamina bones join the pedicles to complete the ring. The lamina bones form the outer rim of the bony ring. When the vertebrae are stacked on top of each other, the bony rings form a hollow tube that surrounds the spinal cord. The laminae provide a protective wall around the spinal cord.

On the left and right side of each vertebra is a small tunnel called a neural foramen. (Foramina is the plural term.) The two nerves that leave the spine at each vertebra go through the foramina, one on the left and one on the right. The intervertebral disc sits directly in front of the opening. A bulged or herniated disc can narrow the opening and put pressure on the nerve. A facet joint sits behind the foramen. Bone spurs that form on the facet joint can project into the tunnel, narrowing the hole and pinching the nerve.

A special type of structure in the spine called an intervertebral disc has two parts. The center, called the nucleus, is spongy. It provides most of the shock absorption in the spine. The nucleus is held in place by the annulus, a serie...

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