Cervical Foraminotomy Mitchell SD

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Marcia Nelsen, MD
(605) 996-5903
2200 N Kimball St Ste 1050
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1982
Hospital
Hospital: Sacred Heart Health Services, Yankton, Sd; Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Praireland Orthopaedics

Data Provided By:
Felix Flores Ungacta, MD
625 N Foster St
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1994
Hospital
Hospital: Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd

Data Provided By:
Robert Eugene Van Demark Jr, MD
(605) 335-3707
1210 W 18th St
Sioux Falls, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Tufts Univ Sch Of Med, Boston Ma 02111
Graduation Year: 1976
Hospital
Hospital: Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, Sd
Group Practice: Van Demark Orthopedic Spclst

Data Provided By:
Robert Ernest Mc Whirter, MD
(605) 996-7077
1222 E 7th Ave
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Emergency Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Wi, Milwaukee Wi 53226
Graduation Year: 1972
Hospital
Hospital: Platte Comm Memorial Hospital, Platte, Sd; Queen Of Peace Hospital, Mitchell, Sd
Group Practice: Mitchell Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Ryan Christopher Meis
(605) 217-2615
575 N Sioux Point Rd
Dakota Dunes, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Robert Ernest Mc Whirter, MD
(605) 996-7077
1222 E 7th Ave
Mitchell, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Emergency Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Med Coll Of Wi, Milwaukee Wi 53226
Graduation Year: 1972
Hospital
Hospital: Platte Comm Memorial Hospital, Platte, Sd; Queen Of Peace Hospital, Mitchell, Sd
Group Practice: Mitchell Orthopaedic Ctr

Data Provided By:
Timothy J Gill
(605) 341-1414
7220 S Highway 16
Rapid City, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Dr.Thomas Jacobson
(605) 217-2667
575 North Sioux Point Road
North Sioux City, SD
Gender
M
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ia Coll Of Med
Year of Graduation: 1985
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Hospital: St Lukes Reg Medctr, Sioux City, Ia
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
5.0, out of 5 based on 1, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Dr.Michael Genoff
(605) 217-2615
575 N Sioux Point Rd
North Sioux City, SD
Gender
M
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
5.0, out of 5 based on 2, reviews.

Data Provided By:
Dale R Anderson
(605) 341-1122
101 E Minnesota St
Rapid City, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

Cervical Foraminotomy

A Patient's Guide to Cervical Foraminotomy

Introduction

Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure for widening the area where the spinal nerve roots exit the spinal column. A foramen is the opening around the nerve root, and otomy refers to the medical procedure for enlarging the opening. In this procedure, surgeons widen the passageway to relieve pressure where the spinal nerve is being squeezed in the foramen.

This guide will help you understand

  • why the procedure becomes necessary
  • what surgeons hope to achieve
  • what to expect as you recover

Anatomy

What parts of the neck are affected?

The spine is made of a column of bones. Each bone, or vertebra, is formed by a round block of bone, called a vertebral body. The spinal canal is a hollow tube formed by the bony rings of all the vertebrae. The spinal canal surrounds and protects the spinal cord within the spine. There are seven vertebrae in the neck that form the area known as the cervical spine. The vertebrae are separated by intervertebral discs.

Traveling from the brain down through the spinal column, the spinal cord sends out nerve branches through openings on both sides of each vertebra. These openings are called the neural foramina. (The term used to describe a single opening is foramen.)

The intervertebral disc sits directly in front of the opening. A bulged or herniated disc can narrow the opening and put pressure on the nerve. A facet joint sits in back of the foramen. Bone spurs that form on the facet joint can project into the tunnel, narrowing the hole and pinching the nerve.

Rationale

What do surgeons hope to achieve?

Foraminotomy alleviates the symptoms of foraminal stenosis. In foraminal stenosis, a nerve root is compressed inside the neural foramen. This compression is usually the result of degenerative (or wear and tear) changes in the spine.

View animation of disc collapse

Wear and tear from repeated stresses and strains on the neck can cause a spinal disc to begin to collapse. As the space between the vertebral bodies shrinks, the opening around the nerve root narrows. This squeezes the nerve. The nerve root is further squeezed in the foramen when the facet joint lining the outer edge of the foramen becomes inflamed and enlarged as a result of the same degenerative changes.

The degenerative process can also cause bone spurs to develop and point into the foramen, causing further irritation. In a foraminotomy, the surgeon removes the tissues around the edges of the foramen, essentially widening the opening in order to take pressure off the nerve root.

Preparations

How will I prepare for surgery?

The decision to proceed with surgery must be made jointly by you and your surgeon. You should understand as much about the procedure as possible. If you have concerns or questions, you should talk to your surgeon.

Once you decide on surgery, you need to take several steps. Your surgeon may suggest a...

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