Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Portales NM

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Frederick John Hensal, MD
(806) 725-4865
2000 W 21st St Ste J
Clovis, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

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John Dee Bailey, DO
(505) 784-3658
7704 Oklahoma Ct
Clovis, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Kirksville Coll Of Osteo Med, Kirksville Mo 63501
Graduation Year: 1990

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Anthony F Pachelli, MD
(505) 724-4300
201 Cedar St SE
Albuquerque, NM
Business
New Mexico Orthopaedic Associates
Specialties
Orthopedics

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Paul Lesko, MD
Albuquerque, NM
Specialty
Orthopaedic Sugeon

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Jason Edward Smith, MD
(505) 272-4107
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: La State Univ Sch Of Med In New Orleans, New Orleans La 70112
Graduation Year: 2002

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Jose H Velez, MD
(505) 762-2223
2301 N Thomas St
Clovis, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Prog Acad De Med, Lima, Peru
Graduation Year: 1975

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Jacob George, MD
(505) 763-1197
2301 N Thomas St
Clovis, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Seth G S Med Coll, Univ Of Bombay, Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Graduation Year: 1973

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Jeffrey Wayne Racca, MD
(505) 379-9800
5400 Gibson Blvd SE
Albuquerque, NM
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nm Sch Of Med, Albuquerque Nm 87131
Graduation Year: 1995

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Richard E White
(505) 724-4300
201 Cedar St Se
Albuquerque, NM
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery, Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery

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Dr.Alan C. Davis
(505) 521-1122
3005 Hillrise Drive
Las Cruces, NM
Gender
M
Education
Medical School: In Univ Sch Of Med
Year of Graduation: 1975
Speciality
Orthopedic Surgeon
General Information
Hospital: Memorial Med Ctr, Las Cruces, Nm
Accepting New Patients: Yes
RateMD Rating
3.9, out of 5 based on 7, reviews.

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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

A Patient's Guide to Pain Management: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Introduction

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is divided into two categories, CRPS I and CRPS II. CRPS I (caused by an injury to tissues) was previously called Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD), Sudeck’s atrophy, and shoulder-hand syndrome. CRPS II (caused by damage to a nerve) was previously called causalgia. The symptoms and treatments of the two types are almost identical. For the purpose of this document we will refer to them jointly as CRPS. Early recognition of the signs and symptoms of CRPS as well as early treatment are usually effective in preventing it from becoming a chronic condition. When the condition becomes chronic, significant irreversible disability can occur.

This guide will help you understand

  • what parts of the body are involved
  • what causes this condition
  • how doctors diagnose the condition
  • what treatment options are available

Anatomy

What parts of the body are involved?

The sympathetic nervous system consists of ganglia, nerves and plexuses (a braid of nerves) that supply the involuntary muscles. Most of the nerves are motor, but some are sensory.

Sympathetic nerves are responsible for conducting sensation signals to the spinal cord from the body. They also regulate blood vessels and sweat glands. Sympathetic ganglia are collections of these nerves near the spinal cord. They contain approximately 20,000-30,000 nerve cell bodies.

CRPS is felt to occur as the result of stimulation of sensory nerve fibers. Those regions of the body rich in nerve endings such as the fingers, hands, wrist, and ankles are most commonly affected. When a nerve is excited, its endings release chemicals. These chemicals cause vasodilation (opening of the blood vessels). This allows fluid to leak from the blood vessel into the surrounding tissue. The result is inflammation or swelling leading to more stimulation of the sensory nerve fibers. This lowers the pain threshold. This entire process is called neurogenic inflammation. This explains the swelling, redness, and warmth of the skin in the involved area initially. It also explains the increased sensitivity to pain.

As the symptoms go untreated, the affected area can become cool, have hair loss, and have brittle or cracked nails. Muscle atrophy or shrinkage, loss of bone density (calcium), contracture, swelling, and limited range of motion in joints can also occur in the affected limb. These are in part caused by decreased blood supply to the affected tissues as the condition progresses.

Causes

What causes this condition?

CRPS commonly occurs after an injury as minor as having blood drawn, or a sprained ankle. Other times, it may be the result of a more significant injury such as surgery, a fracture, immobilization with casting or splinting, or the result of a stroke.

Risk factors for developing CRPS include immobilization of the affected limb with ...

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