Diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Pierre SD

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Gonzalo Henry Sanchez, MD
(605) 222-0075
772 E Dakota Ave
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Ks Sch Of Med, Kansas City Ks 66103
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided By:
Gerald Rexford Herrin, MD
(605) 224-2010
640 E Sioux Ave
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Or Hlth Sci Univ Sch Of Med, Portland Or 97201
Graduation Year: 1963

Data Provided By:
Stephen Young Stout, MD
(605) 224-5901
711 E Wells Ave Ste 200
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Sd Sch Of Med, Vermillion Sd, 57069
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
John Joseph Gluscic, MD
(605) 226-2663
701 8th Ave NW
Aberdeen, SD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pa Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19104
Graduation Year: 1986

Data Provided By:
Raymond Michael Sherman
(605) 217-2667
575 N Sioux Point Rd
Dakota Dunes, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Thomas E Roth, DDS
(605) 224-6205
711 E Wells Ave Ste 210
Pierre, SD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Gonzalo H Sanchez
(605) 224-7070
100 Mac Lane
Pierre, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Stephen Y Stout
(604) 224-7070
100 Mac Ln
Pierre, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Timothy J Gill
(605) 341-1414
7220 S Highway 16
Rapid City, SD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
Tommy Dean Howey, MD
(605) 331-5890
810 E 23rd St
Sioux Falls, SD
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Washington Univ Sch Of Med, St Louis Mo 63110
Graduation Year: 1984

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Best Way to Diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Dr. Brent Graham at the Toronto Western Hospital (Canada) has been working on finding the best way to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Currently, there isn't a clear consensus on the best clinical tests to use in making this diagnosis.

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common problem affecting the hand and wrist. Symptoms begin when the median nerve gets squeezed inside the carpal tunnel of the wrist. Carpal tunnel syndrome is also known as nerve entrapment or compressive neuropathy. Any condition that decreases the size of the carpal tunnel or enlarges the tissues inside the tunnel can produce the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.

In the past, Dr. Graham tested and validated a new clinical tool called the CTS-6. This instrument is a diagnostic scale for carpal tunnel syndrome. It includes six tests from the history and physical exam to estimate the likelihood that carpal tunnel syndrome is present. The CTS-6 has been tested and validated as a reliable instrument.

Now, in this study, Dr. Graham compared the results of the CTS-6 with electrodiagnostic testing. Electrodiagnostic testing consisted of sensory nerve conduction velocity (NCV). A segment of the median nerve was tested from the wrist to the middle finger.

There were several steps in this study. First, a hand therapist tested all new patients referred to the center for possible upper extremity peripheral nerve problem. The CTS-6 test was used to determine the pre-test chances the patient had carpal tunnel syndrome. Then these same patients were tested using a standard nerve conduction velocity test.

With the CTS-6 scale, each of the six items is given a point value. The six items include 1) numbness in the hand and fingers supplied by the median nerve, 2) muscle atrophy and/or weakness, 3) a positive Phalen test (standard clinical test used to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome), 4) loss of two-point discrimination (feeling two separate points touched on the skin), 5) numbness at night that wakes the patient up, and 6) a positive Tinel sign (another standard clinical test used to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome).

A total score of 12 or more suggests a strong probability (80 per cent chance) that the patient has carpal tunnel syndrome. A total score less than five indicates a very small chance (25 per cent) that the patient has carpal tunnel syndrome.

Comparing the results of the CTS-6 test with the results of the nerve conduction velocity test, the authors report the added information from the electrodiagnostic test was not enough to change the diagnosis or warrant the expense. A low probability of carpal tunnel syndrome (judged by the CTS-6) in a patient whose nerve conduction velocity was negative only lowered the chances of the diagnosis being carpal tunnel syndrome. There wasn't much value added by the electrodiagnostic test -- not enough to support the cost and discomfort to the patient.

With the availability of the CTS-6, there is much less...

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