Elbow Fracture Surgery for Seniors Fallon NV
Medical School: Northwestern Univ Med Sch, Chicago Il 60611
Graduation Year: 1967
Medical School: Hahnemann Univ Sch Of Med, Philadelphia Pa 19102
Graduation Year: 1988
Medical School: Univ Of Nv Sch Of Med, Reno Nv 89557
Graduation Year: 1997
Hospital: Churchill Comm Hosp, Fallon, Nv
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1955
Las Vegas, NV
Desert Orthopaedic Center
Las Vegas, NV
Bone & Joint Specialists
Orthopedics, Degenerative Spinal Conditions
Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Fusion
Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Diskectomy
Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Decompression
Total Disk Replacement - Cervical & Lumbar
Endoscopic Spinal Fusion
Medicare Accepted: Yes
Workmens Comp Accepted: Yes
Accepts Uninsured Patients: Yes
Emergency Care: Yes
Primary Hospital: Valley Medical Center
Residency Training: Stanford University Hosptial & Clinics
Medical School: University Of Arizona College of Medicine, 1997
Member Organizations: North American Spine Society
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
American Medical Association
State Medical Society
State Orthopaedic Society
Awards: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Board Certified
Languages Spoken: English,Spanish,Chinese
Medical School: Univ Of Ky Coll Of Med, Lexington Ky 40536
Graduation Year: 1977
Update on Surgical Treatment of Elbow Fractures in the Elderly
Fractures of the humerus (upper arm bone) just above the elbow are difficult to treat. Surgery is the standard way to treat these fractures. But the optimal approach isn't always clear at the out set. The surgeon must take into consideration many factors. How did it happen? What kind of break is involved? Are the soft tissues around the bone damaged in any way? Did the elbow joint surface crack in the process? How strong is the bone (i.e., does the patient have osteoporosis or brittle bones)?
The orthopedic surgeons who wrote this article are from the University of Maryland in Baltimore. They offer a review of the latest research in the area of distal humeral fractures. Distal is just another way of saying the break occurred at the bottom end of the bone.
Surgeons are seeing more of these injuries with the aging adult population in America. Most of these fractures occur in older adults with poor bone quality. That's one of the things that really makes surgery so difficult. Conservative (nonoperative) care is possible but only when the fracture is stable and can be immobilized in a cast or splint. That type of fracture isn't as common as the displaced (bones separate), comminuted (many tiny bone fragments) fractures that require surgery.
The surgical choices are usually: 1) internal fixation, 2) external fixation, and 3) total elbow replacement. Each of these choices has its own indications (when to use them), advantages, and disadvantages.
One of the ways surgeons have of evaluating which approach to use is to examine the results from other patients who were treated with one approach versus another. Outcome measures include elbow range-of-motion, return of normal muscle strength, function, bone healing, and quality of life. The joint should be stable yet move freely. Length of time in the hospital and in rehab along with the associated costs might also be factored in. Complications such as infection, poor wound healing, and nonunion (failure of the bone to heal) are recorded. Implant failure (usually from loosening) and revision surgery are two other possible problems that researchers keep track of as a way to evaluate the final results.
By reviewing all of the available research data, the authors were able to summarize what is known about each of these three surgical treatment approaches. Let's take a look at each one separately.
Internal Fixation. Internal fixation refers to an open procedure where the surgeon puts the bones back together and holds them in place with wires, metal plates, and/or screws. This is the most commonly used operation. Many decisions come into play with this approach. The surgeon sizes up the injury and decides how best to get into the joint: from the back of the elbow (posterior or from the sides? If it seems best to make the incision from the side, then which side: medial (side closest to the body) or lateral (side away from the body)?
Studies show that the posterior approach giv...