Hamstring Injury Specialists Frederick MD

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Thomas Francis Ryan, MD
(301) 652-6616
5473 Prince William Ct
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1969

Data Provided By:
Adam Mitchell Mecinski, MD
(301) 739-7790
915 Toll House Ave Ste 309
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics, Hand Surgery
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Georgetown Univ Sch Of Med, Washington Dc 20007
Graduation Year: 1993

Data Provided By:
Mihir Jani, MD
(301) 663-9573
52 Thomas Johnson Dr
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2007

Data Provided By:
Shao-Huang Chiu, MD
(301) 663-0131
187 Thomas Johnson Dr Ste 1
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Taipei Med Coll, Taipei, Taiwan (385-04 Prior 1/71)
Graduation Year: 1966

Data Provided By:
Stanley Yat-ming Chung
(301) 663-0131
187 Thomas Johnson Dr
Frederick, MD
Specialty
Orthopedic Surgery

Data Provided By:
C Jeffrey Bowman, DDS
(301) 662-3366
10 W College Ter
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthodontics/Dentofacial Orthopedics

Data Provided By:
Jeffrey Thomas Gilsdorf, MD
(301) 694-8311
86 Thomas Johnson Ct
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Suny-Hlth Sci Ctr At Syracuse, Coll Of Med, Syracuse Ny 13210
Graduation Year: 1990

Data Provided By:
Edward Lee Lancaster Jr, MD
(717) 569-1002
56 Thomas Johnson Dr
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Jefferson Med Coll-Thos Jefferson Univ, Philadelphia Pa 19107
Graduation Year: 1948
Hospital
Hospital: Lancaster Reg Med Ctr, Lancaster, Pa

Data Provided By:
Mark David Charlson, MD
(301) 694-8311
184 Thomas Johnson Dr Ste 104
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Nc At Chapel Hill Sch Of Med, Chapel Hill Nc 27599
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided By:
Shawn Kay Grandia, MD
(301) 663-9573
52 Thomas Johnson Dr
Frederick, MD
Specialties
Orthopedics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Northwestern Univ Med Sch, Chicago Il 60611
Graduation Year: 1983

Data Provided By:
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Hamstring Injuries

A Patient's Guide to Hamstring Injuries

Introduction

The big group of muscles and tendons in the back of the thigh are commonly called the hamstrings. Injuries in this powerful muscle group are common, especially in athletes. Hamstring injuries happen to all types of athletes, from Olympic sprinters to slow-pitch softball players. Though these injuries can be very painful, they will usually heal on their own. But for an injured hamstring to return to full function, it needs special attention and a specially designed rehabilitation program.

This guide will help you understand

  • how the hamstrings work
  • why hamstring injuries cause problems
  • how doctors treat the condition

Anatomy

Where are the hamstrings, and what do they do?

The hamstrings make up the bulk in back of the thigh. They are formed by three muscles and their tendons. The hamstrings connect to the ischial tuberosity, the small bony projection on the bottom of the pelvis, just below the buttocks. (There is one ischial tuberosity on the left and one on the right.) The hamstring muscles run down the back of the thigh. Their tendons cross the knee joint and connect on each side of the shinbone (tibia).

The hamstrings function by pulling the leg backward and by propelling the body forward while walking or running. This is called hip extension. The hamstrings also bend the knees, a motion called knee flexion.

Most hamstring injuries occur in the musculotendinous complex. This is the area where the muscles and tendons join. (Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones.) The hamstring has a large musculotendinous complex, which partly explains why hamstring injuries are so common.

When the hamstring is injured, the fibers of the muscles or tendon are actually torn. The body responds to the damage by producing enzymes and other body chemicals at the site of the injury. These chemicals produce the symptoms of swelling and pain.

In a severe injury, the small blood vessels in the muscle can be torn as well. This results in bleeding into the muscle tissue. Until these small blood vessels can repair themselves, less blood can flow to the area. With this reduced blood flow, the muscles cannot begin to heal.

The chemicals that are produced and the blood clotting are your body's way of healing itself. Your body heals the muscle by rebuilding the muscle tissue and by forming scar tissue. Carefully stretching and exercising your injured muscle helps maximize the building of muscle tissue as you heal.

In rare cases, an injury can cause the muscle and tendons to tear away from the bone. This happens most often where the hamstring tendons attach to the ischial tuberosity. These tears, called avulsions, sometimes require surgery.

Related Document: A Patient's Guide to Knee Anatomy

Causes

How do hamstring injuries occur?

Hamstring injuries happen when the muscles are stretched too far. Sprinting and other fast or twisting m...

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